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Zhezkazgan

Jezkazgan / Zhezkazgan
Жезқазған

Seal
Jezkazgan / Zhezkazgan
Jezkazgan / Zhezkazgan
Location in Kazakhstan

Coordinates: 47°47′0″N 67°42′0″E / 47.78333°N 67.70000°E / 47.78333; 67.70000

Country Kazakhstan
Province Karagandy Province
Founded 1938
Government
 • Akim (mayor) Бауржан Шингисов
Population (2009)
 • City 86,227
 • Urban 90,661
Time zone BTT (UTC+6)
Postal code 100600
Area code(s) +7 7102
Website http://www.jezkazgan.kz

Jezkazgan or Zhezkazgan (Kazakh: Жезқазған / Jezqazğan), formerly known as Dzhezkazgan (Russian: Джезказган, until 1992), is a city in Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan, on a reservoir of the Kara-Kengir River. Population: Its urban area includes the neighbouring mining town of Satpayev, for a total city population of 148,700.

55% of Jezkagan population are Kazakhs, 30% Russians, with smaller minorities of Ukrainians, Germans, Chechens and Koreans.

Geography and climate

Jezkazgan is situated in the very heart of the Kazakh upland, far away from a big river. It has an extremely continental semi-arid climate (BSk); rain is frequent but never heavy and monthly rainfall has never reached 100 millimetres (4 in). The average temperature ranges from 24 °C (75 °F) in July to −16 °C (3 °F) in January, whilst extremes ranges from 43 °C (109 °F) in June 1988 to −41.1 °C (−42.0 °F) in February 1951.

Climate data for Dzhezkazgan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
9.0
(48.2)
27.0
(80.6)
34.2
(93.6)
37.2
(99)
43.0
(109.4)
42.2
(108)
42.4
(108.3)
39.9
(103.8)
30.5
(86.9)
22.0
(71.6)
9.8
(49.6)
43.0
(109.4)
Average high °C (°F) −8.6
(16.5)
−7.1
(19.2)
0.6
(33.1)
15.8
(60.4)
23.4
(74.1)
29.9
(85.8)
31.4
(88.5)
29.8
(85.6)
23.2
(73.8)
13.7
(56.7)
2.2
(36)
−5.6
(21.9)
12.39
(54.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12.9
(8.8)
−12.3
(9.9)
−4.3
(24.3)
8.7
(47.7)
16.2
(61.2)
22.5
(72.5)
24.3
(75.7)
22.4
(72.3)
15.1
(59.2)
6.3
(43.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
−10.3
(13.5)
6.08
(42.94)
Average low °C (°F) −17.6
(0.3)
−17.3
(0.9)
−9
(16)
2.2
(36)
8.7
(47.7)
14.5
(58.1)
16.8
(62.2)
14.4
(57.9)
7.1
(44.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
−7.1
(19.2)
−14.6
(5.7)
−0.16
(31.71)
Record low °C (°F) −40
(−40)
−41.1
(−42)
−36.1
(−33)
−15.6
(3.9)
−6.6
(20.1)
−2.2
(28)
3.9
(39)
−2.6
(27.3)
−11.4
(11.5)
−19
(−2)
−37.2
(−35)
−40
(−40)
−41.1
(−42)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
16
(0.63)
16
(0.63)
17
(0.67)
19
(0.75)
17
(0.67)
18
(0.71)
11
(0.43)
5
(0.2)
16
(0.63)
17
(0.67)
16
(0.63)
187
(7.37)
Avg. rainy days 1 2 4 6 9 8 8 5 4 6 5 2 60
Avg. snowy days 17 13 7 2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2 8 15 64.2
Source: погода и климат [1]

History

The city was created in 1938 in connection with the exploitation of the rich local copper deposits. In 1973 a large mining and metallurgical complex was constructed to the southeast to smelt the copper that until then had been sent elsewhere for processing. Other metal ores mined and processed locally are manganese, iron and gold.

During the Soviet era, Jezkazgan was the site of a Gulag labor camp, Kengir, mentioned in Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's book The Gulag Archipelago, and Alexander Dolgun's "An American In The Gulag".

Industry

Today the city is the headquarters of the copper conglomerate Kazakhmys, the city's main employer. The company has subsidiaries in China, Russia and the United Kingdom and is listed on the London Stock Exchange. There is a power station, Kazakhmys Power Plant with generation capacity of 207 MW and a 220 metres tall main chimney.

Transport

Although Jezkazgan is centrally located in the country, it has limited connections to the other regions by rail, except for a rail line to the regional capital city Karaganda. Jezkazgan is connected by road to the cities Karaganda (by class-B European route E018), Kyzylorda and Arkalyk (both by the European route E123). The city is accessible by air via Zhezkazgan Airport.

Spacecraft landings

Soyuz spacecraft returning cosmonauts from outer space land in the remote flat countryside surrounding Jezkazgan. The Baikonur Cosmodrome lies 400 kilometres (250 mi) to the southwest and, by tradition, every cosmonaut plants a tree on Jezkazgan's Seyfullin-Boulevard to mark his or her safe return from space.

Persons associated with Jezkazgan

References

External links

  • City website
  • Photos of the city

Coordinates: 47°47′N 67°42′E / 47.783°N 67.700°E / 47.783; 67.700

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