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Interior courtyard of Masjed-i Varamin
Interior courtyard of Masjed-i Varamin
Varamin is located in Iran
Country  Iran
Province Tehran
County Varamin
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 208,569
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 021 and 0291 previously

Varamin (Persian: ورامين‎‎, also Romanized as Varāmīn and Verāmin; anciently known as Varna and Varena)[1] is a city in and the capital of Varamin County, Tehran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 208,569, in 53,639 families.[2]


  • History 1
  • Industries 2
    • Sugar Refinery Factory 2.1
    • Oil-extracting factory 2.2
  • Handcrafts 3
    • Carpets and Rugs 3.1
  • Colleges and universities 4
    • Islamic Azad University 4.1
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Varamin is believed to be the ancient city of Varena, which is mentioned in Avesta.

The huge four-cornered Citadel near the city is known as Citadel of Īraj by locals, Īraj was son of Thraetaona and that improves the city's relation to the ancient Varena.[3][4]

The Four-cornered Citadel

Varamin has an extensive history. The raiding of Ray by the invading Mongols and Timurids, generated a flux of migrations to this area.

Included amongst the significant antiquities of Varamin are the mausoleum of Imamzadeh Yahya built in the 14th century, and the Jameh Mosque of Varamin, from the era of the Ilkhanid Abu Saeed.


Sugar Refinery Factory

The Sugar Refinery Factory

Varamin Sugar Refinery Factory was built in 1934-1935 by Nikolai Markov and is the very first Sugar Refinery Factory in Iran and Middle East. In recent years it's produce has been reduced because of shortage in ingredients.,[5][6]

Oil-extracting factory

Varamin Oil-extracting factory was built in 1938-1939 and is the first producer of Vegetable oil in Iran.[7]


Carpets and Rugs

For more information see: Varamin Carpet

Carpets and Rugs of Varamin are among most famous carpets in the world. Many Rug and Carpet experts see Varamins as purer Persian Carpets.,[8] They have geometric patterns with repeated medallions, especially on runners. They are made by tribal people who either live in or pass by Varamin.

Colleges and universities

Islamic Azad University

Islamic Azad University Varamin-Pishva Branch was established in 1985. this Branch has more 86 different majors and capacity of 15000 students.[9]


  1. ^ Varamin can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3088133" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)".  
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ قديمي ترين کارخانه قند ايران تعطيل شد.. (in فارسی). 
  6. ^ یادگارهای جناب نیکلای. (in فارسی). 
  7. ^ روغنکشی شماره ی یک ورامین. (in فارسی). 
  8. ^ "Varamin carpets in Little Persia". 
  9. ^

External links

  • Photographs of monuments in a near Varāmin (these photographs are available on flickr):
— Part of the exterior of Masjed-e Jāme'eh Varāmin: (1).
— The interior of Masjed-e Jāme'eh Varāmin: (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6).
Mil Hill (Tappe-ye Mil) near Varāmin: (1), (2).
— The exterior of the Shah-Abbasi Caravanserai, South on Varāmin: (1)-(5).
— The interiour of the Shah-Abbasi Caravanserai: (1).
— Views of a traditional abandoned house in Varāmin: (1), (2), (3), (4).


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