World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Treaty of Warsaw (1705)

Treaty of Warsaw
Type Peace treaty, alliance
Signed 18/28 November 1705
Location Warsaw
Parties Swedish Empire
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Warsaw Confederation)
Language German

The Treaty of Warsaw was concluded on 18 November (O.S.) / 28 November 1705 during the Great Northern War.[1] It was a peace treaty and an alliance between the Swedish Empire and the faction of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth loyal to Stanisław Leszczyński.[1][2]

Contents

  • Historical context 1
  • Terms 2
  • Aftermath 3
  • Sources 4
    • References 4.1
    • Bibliography 4.2
  • External links 5

Historical context

Early in the Warsaw Confederation, declared war on Sweden and allied with Russia in the Treaty of Narva.[5]

A Russo-Saxo-Polish-Lithuanian army was then assembled at Polotsk (Polatsk, Połock, Polockas),[1][5] another allied army in Saxony,[6] and a third allied force commanded by General Otto Arnold von Paykull (Pajkul) advanced towards Warsaw,[1] where Charles XII and Leszczyński sojourned.[5] Pajkul's Saxo-Polish-Lithuanian horse reached the outskirts of Warsaw on 31 July 1705, where they were defeated.[7] The army at Polotsk was denied westward advance by Swedish forces under Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt.[1] Thus, Leszczyński was crowned king of Poland in Warsaw on 4 October 1705, and Sweden and the faction of the commonwealth represented by Leszczyński signed the treaty of Warsaw on 28 November.[1]

Terms

Sweden was allowed to occupy the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's towns and fortresses and recruit soldiers in its territory without restriction.[1][2] Anti-Swedish alliances concluded by the commonwealth were declared void,[2] Poland was to conclude treaties only with Charles XII's approval.[1]

The commonwealth's regions Courland, Lithuania, Royal Prussia and Ruthenia were to export goods only through the Swedish port of Riga,[2] the Polish port Połąga (Palanga, Palonga) in Courland was to be abandoned.[1][2] In the territory of the commonwealth, Swedish merchants were granted substantial tax exemption and the right to settle and trade.[1]

The treaty further divided the commonwealth's territories then under Russian occupation among the parties: The areas of Smolensk and Kiev were to be re-integrated into Poland-Lithuania, while Polish Livonia and Courland were to be ceded to Sweden upon their reconquest.[2]

For future candidates to the Polish throne, the treaty was made part of the pacta conventa, meaning it had to be supported for any candidacy to become valid.[1]

Aftermath

As intended, the treaty made an inner-Polish-Lithuanian reconciliation of the Warsaw and Sandomir Cofederations impossible.[1] In early 1706, Augustus the Strong approached Warsaw with a cavalry force and ordered Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg to move the army assembled in Saxony into Poland-Lithuania.[8] Schulenburg was intercepted and defeated by Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld in the Battle of Fraustadt.[6][8] The army assembled in Polotsk had been moved to Grodno (Hrodna, Gardinas, Garten), where it was tactically defeated and forced to withdraw eastwards.[6][8] Charles XII then occupied Saxony, forcing Augustus to abandon both the Polish crown and his allies in the Treaty of Altranstädt (1706).[6][8]

Sources

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Bromley (1970), p. 699
  2. ^ a b c d e f Frost (2000), p. 269
  3. ^ a b c d Anisimov (1993), p. 103
  4. ^ Anisimov (1993), pp. 103-104
  5. ^ a b c Anisimov (1993), p. 104
  6. ^ a b c d Anisimov (1993), p. 105
  7. ^ Bromley (1970), pp. 699-700
  8. ^ a b c d Bromley (1970), p. 700

Bibliography

  • Anisimov, Evgeniĭ Viktorovich (1993). The reforms of Peter the Great. Progress through coercion in Russia. The New Russian history. M.E. Sharpe.  
  • Bromley, J. S. (1970). Rise of Great Britain & Russia, 1688-1725. The New Cambridge Modern History 6. CUP Archive.  
  • Frost, Robert I (2000). The Northern Wars. War, State and Society in Northeastern Europe 1558-1721. Harlow: Longman.  

External links

  • Scan of the treaty at IEG (Institut für Europäische Geschichte) Mainz, 57 pages
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.