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Treaty of Nystad

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Title: Treaty of Nystad  
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Subject: Capitulation of Estonia and Livonia, Dominium maris baltici, Russian Empire, Primorsk, Leningrad Oblast, History of Estonia
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Treaty of Nystad

Treaty of Nystad
Treaty effects: pre-war Sweden in yellow, Russia in green, Russian gains indicated.
Signed 30 August 1721 (1721-08-30)
Location Nystad, Sweden
The overse of an Fe- medal 1721 by the Danish medallist Anton Schultz. Treaty of Nystad to end the Great Northern War by Peter the Great.
The reverse of the above medal.
Signing of the Treaty of Nystad

The Treaty of Nystad (Frederiksborg (1720).

During the war Peter I of Russia had occupied all Swedish possessions on the eastern Baltic coast: Swedish Ingria (where he began to build the soon-to-be new Russian capital of St. Petersburg in 1703), Swedish Estonia and Swedish Livonia (which had capitulated in 1710), and Finland.

In Nystad, King Frederick I of Sweden formally recognized the transfer of Estonia, Livonia, Ingria, and Southeast Finland (Kexholmslän and part of Karelia) to Russia in exchange for two million silver thaler, while Russia returned the bulk of Finland to Swedish rule.[1][2]

The Treaty enshrined the rights of the Baltic-German nobility within Estonia and Livonia to maintain their financial system, their existing customs border, their self-government, their Lutheran religion, and the German language; this special position in the Russian Empire was reconfirmed by all Russian Tsars from Peter the Great (reigned 1682-1725) to Alexander II [3] (reigned 1855-1881).

Nystad manifested the decisive shift in the European balance of power which the war had brought about: the Swedish imperial era had ended; Sweden entered the Age of Liberty, while Russia had emerged as a new empire.


In pre-1917 Saint Petersburg, in the Vyborgsky district (relatively nearest to Russo-Finnish border) one of the thoroughfares (now Lesnoy prospekt) was named after the Nystad treaty (Nystadt Street, Rus. Ништадтская улица).[4] The district also houses a church commemorating the first Russian victory in the Great Northern war, the Battle of Poltava – St. Sampsonius' Cathedral.

See also


  1. ^ Russian: РГАДА. Рукописный отдел библиотеки Московской Синодальной типографии. Фонд 381, ед.хр.805. Л.6. Original handwritten text of the Treaty of Nystad in Russian
  2. ^ Russian: Ништадтский мирный договор между Россией и Швецией, 30 августа 1721 г. Text of the Treaty of Nystad in Russian
  3. ^
  4. ^ Лев Успенский. Записки старого петербуржца. (Lev Uspenskii. Zapiski starogo peterburjca.) Any edition.

External links

  • Works related to Treaty of Nystad at Wikisource
  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Freden i Nystad – Ништадтский мир 1721 – Uudenkaupungin rauha 1721. Trilingual source publication (Finnish, Swedish, Russian) of the documents concerning the peace treaty from The Russian Foreign Ministry Archives. Published by Agricola – The Finnish History Network publication series number 10. 2014 (Heidi Pitkänen red.)

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