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Somali community in Finland


Somali community in Finland

Somali community in Finland
Total population
14,769 (2012)
Regions with significant populations
 Finland 14,769 (number of Somali speakers)
Somali · Finnish · Swedish[1]

Somalis in Finland are residents and citizens of Finland of Somali ancestry.


  • Overview 1
  • Demographics 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Books on display at the 2012 Somali Culture Fair in Helsinki.

The first Somali immigrants came to Finland in the early 1990s. Between 1990 and 1995, the number of Somalia citizens in Finland jumped from 44 to 4,044. The first arrivals were university students from Soviet universities in the former Soviet Union (see Zahra Abdulla). Later, more asylum seekers arrived directly from Somalia, many through a program of family unification.[2]

A Somali man and Finnish friends at a celebration in Helsinki.

Like other immigrant groups in Finland, particularly Helsinki endeavouring to recruit more Somali social workers.[5]

As with many other immigrant groups in Finland, Somalis have also faced some barriers to employment, due in part to the local economic recession but also to xenophobic attitudes on the part of many potential employers.[6][7] However, the situation has steadily improved over the years, as more Somali immigrants have found employment in their own community, although much of this work is unmeasured. While some Somalis with language training have found jobs in their own field, others, like immigrants in general, have obtained short-term work positions.[7]


Somalis are one of the largest ethnic minorities in Finland, and the largest group of people of non-European origin. In 2009, there were 5,570 Somali citizens, but an equal number may have received Finnish citizenship. According to the Finnish National newspaper, Helsingin Sanomat, the number of Somali-speaking people in Finland in 2010 rose by nearly 10% in a year.[8] In 2012, there were 14,769 Somali speakers in Finland.[9]

See also


  1. ^ Via svenskan - Den svenskspråkiga integrationsvägen
  2. ^ Foreigners in Finland -ex Virtual Finland 2008 archived at Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Hate Crimes Reported in Finland, 2008
  4. ^ The number of racist crimes drops – the impact of the phenomenon of hate speech is still a mystery
  5. ^ Helsinki officials and Somali community groups ponder youth crime issue
  6. ^ Huge differences in employment rates among immigrants from various countries
  7. ^ a b Somalis’ employment situation improving steadily
  8. ^ Helsingin Sanomat
  9. ^ Statistics Finland - Statistical databases

External links

  • (Finnish) Ulkomaalaiset Suomessa
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