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Roma in Serbia

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Roma in Serbia

Romani people in Serbia
Роми у Србији
Total population
147,604 (2011)
Languages
Romani, Serbian
Religion
Orthodox Christian, Islam
Part of a series on
Romani people
Flag of the Romani people

Romani people (Serbian: Роми, Romi) are one of the ethnic minorities in Serbia. They are also known as Cigani (Serbian: Цигани, from Greek Tsinganoi).

History

The first reference to the Romani people in Serbia is found in a 1348 document, by which Stefan Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia, Emperor of Serbs and Greeks donated some "Gypsy" slaves to the Monastery of Prizren, in Kosovo.[1]

Demographics

There are 147,604 Romani people in Serbia, but unofficial estimates put the figure at between 450,000 and 500,000.[2]

Romani minority in Serbia (census 2002)
Census Population
1866 24,607
1895 46,000
1948 52,181
1953 58,800
1961 9,826
1971 49,894
1981 110,959
1991 94,492
2002 108,193
2011 147,604
Roma family in Serbia, 1905

The Romani people in Central Serbia are predominantly Serbian Orthodox but a minority of Muslim Roma exists (mostly Roma refugees from Kosovo), mainly in the southern Serbia.

Romani people in multi-ethnic Vojvodina are integrated with other ethnic groups, especially with Serbs, Romanians and Hungarians. For this reason, depending of the group with which they are integrated, Romani are usually referred to as Serbian Romani, Romanian Romani, Hungarian Romani, etc.

Culture

The majority of Romani people are Christian but the minority who are Muslim still preserve the tradition of Djurdjevdan. They speak the Romani language, In October 2005 the first text on the grammar of the Romani language in Serbia was published by linguist Rajko Đurić, titled "Gramatika e Rromane čhibaki - Граматика ромског језика". Besides Serbian, they speak the language of other people they have been influenced by: Romanian, Hungarian, Albanian etc.

Political parties

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Djordjević , T.R. (1924). Iz Srbije Kneza Milosa. Stanovnistvo—naselja. Beograd: Geca Kon.
  2. ^ (World Bank, 2005b; Antic, 2005)

Further reading

  • Dr. Rajko Đurić, Istorija Roma, Beograd, 2006.

External links

  • Romani people in Vojvodina
  • Participation of Romani in the government in Vojvodina
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