World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Port-Gentil

Port-Gentil
Mandji
Port-Gentil is located in Gabon
Port-Gentil
Port-Gentil
Location in Gabon
Coordinates:
Country Gabon
Province Ogooue-Maritime
Department Bendje Department

Port-Gentil or Mandji (1993 est. pop. 80,000) is the second-largest city of Gabon, and its leading seaport. It is the center of Gabon's petroleum and timber industries. Although it lies inshore, the nearby mainland is a remote forest area and it is not connected by road to the rest of the nation. The city lies close to Cape Lopez, the westernmost point in Gabon.

The settlement was established on Mandji Island in the delta of the Ogooué River by the French, who signed a treaty with the Orungu people in 1873. It was used as a base for the expeditions of de Brazza into the interior, then in 1894 a customs post was set up, becoming the nucleus of a trading center that included Hatton & Cookson, John Holt, Woermann, Société du Haut-Ogooué, and Compagnie d'Exploitations Forestières Africaines. The main products were initially rubber and ivory, gradually supplemented by woods, particularly okoumé for plywood.

A street in Port-Gentil

The town was named after the French colonial administrator Émile Gentil in 1900. After World War I it became a port for timber, but it grew rapidly only after Elf began oil exploration in the area. It received its first bank branch when Bank of West Africa (BAO), opened a branch there in 1928.

A 1947 population of 4,500 grew to 21,000 by 1960. An oil refinery was established by SOGARA in the 1960s, with natural gas added in 1968.

The town is now known for its hotels and its nightlife, while attractions include the St Louis Church (built in 1927), a zoo, a casino, beaches and a golf course, as well as the wildlife in local swamps.

Contents

  • Climate 1
  • Transportation 2
  • Education 3
  • Notable residents 4
  • Gallery 5
  • References 6

Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw).

The highest recorded temperature was 43 °C (109 °F) on 21 February 1976; the lowest recorded temperature was −2 °C (28 °F) on 24 November 1979.[1]

Climate data for Port-Gentil
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38
(100)
43
(109)
43
(109)
40
(104)
40
(104)
37
(99)
37
(99)
40
(104)
40
(104)
38
(100)
40
(104)
39
(102)
43
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 29.5
(85.1)
30.2
(86.4)
30.3
(86.5)
30
(86)
29
(84)
26.7
(80.1)
25.9
(78.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.7
(81.9)
28.3
(82.9)
28.6
(83.5)
29
(84)
28.5
(83.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.9
(80.4)
27.3
(81.1)
27.3
(81.1)
27.1
(80.8)
26.6
(79.9)
24.4
(75.9)
23.5
(74.3)
24.7
(76.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.9
(78.6)
26.1
(79)
26.5
(79.7)
26.0
(78.8)
Average low °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
24.4
(75.9)
24.3
(75.7)
24.2
(75.6)
24.1
(75.4)
22
(72)
21.1
(70)
21.9
(71.4)
23
(73)
23.5
(74.3)
23.5
(74.3)
24
(75)
23.3
(73.9)
Record low °C (°F) 0
(32)
7
(45)
12
(54)
12
(54)
12
(54)
12
(54)
15
(59)
8
(46)
0
(32)
12
(54)
−2
(28)
10
(50)
−2
(28)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 247.8
(9.756)
177.8
(7)
266.8
(10.504)
299.3
(11.783)
150.6
(5.929)
11.5
(0.453)
3.4
(0.134)
5
(0.2)
31.8
(1.252)
179.9
(7.083)
352.2
(13.866)
227.1
(8.941)
1,953.2
(76.898)
Average precipitation days 14.8 12.7 16.4 15.5 10.2 0.9 0.5 3.4 9.0 17.4 19.6 13.9 134.3
Average relative humidity (%) 84 84 83 84 85 84 83 82 82 84 86 84 84
Mean monthly sunshine hours 150.4 160.8 154.5 151.5 147.8 156.3 163.1 135.3 125.7 116.1 115.1 147.2 1,723.8
Source #1: NOAA[2]
Source #2: Voodoo Skies for record temperatures[1]

Transportation

The airport in Port-Gentil

Port Gentil is technically on an island, and no bridge connects it to the mainland. The limited number of paved roads within the city are also poorly maintained. It has an airport, Port-Gentil International Airport, serving as the main channel of transportation with the world. Regular flights connect it with Libreville, capital of Gabon. Oil company charters to other destinations are a regular sight from the airport.

Education

Schools include:

Notable residents

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^ Home page (Archive). Ecole Mixte Port-Gentil. Retrieved on May 3, 2015.
  4. ^ "École publique conventionnée de Port-Gentil." AEFE. Retrieved on May 3, 2015.
  5. ^ "Accueil" (Archive). Ecole primaire Léopold Sédar Senghor. Retrieved on May 3, 2015.
  • David E. Gardinier, Historical Dictionary of Gabon, 2nd ed. (The Scarecrow Press, 1994) p. 275–276
  • Port Gentil - the world's most expensive city, Time Magazine online, Mar 16 2007

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.