Patriarch of Babylon

"Patriarch of Babylon" redirects here. For earlier and non-Catholic Patriarchs of the Church of the East, see List of Patriarchs of the Church of the East.

This is a list of The Chaldean Catholic Patriarchs of Babylon, the leaders of the Chaldean Catholic Church and one of the Patriarchs of the east of the Catholic Church.

This list continues from the List of Patriarchs of the Church of the East that traces itself back from St. Thomas in the 1st century.

Catholicoi and Patriarchs of Babylon for the Chaldeans

The Shimun line

In 1553, Mar Yohannan Sulaqa, willing to separate from the Church of the East's Patriarchal See of Alqosh, went to Rome asking for his appointment as Patriarch. He was consecrated in St. Peter's Basilica on 9 April 1553.

  • 90 Shimun VIII Yohannan Sulaqa (1553–1555) — fixed the See in Amid
  • 91 Abdisho IV Maron (1555–1570) — moved the See near Siirt
  • Vacant (1570–1572)
  • 92 Yahballaha V (1572–1580)
  • 93 Shimun IX Dinkha (1580–1600) — moved the See in Urmia, was the last patriarch of the Shimun line to be formally recognized by Rome, reintroduced the hereditary succession
  • 94 Shimun X Eliyah (1600–1638) — moved the See in Salmas
  • 95 Shimun XI Eshuyow (1638–1656)
  • 96 Shimun XII Yoalaha (1656–1662)
  • 97 Shimun XIII Dinkha (1662–1692) — moved the See in Qochanis, formally broke full communion with Rome in 1692, continued to be Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East until c.1700, the Shimun line of successors continued in the Assyrian Church of the East

The Josephite line of Amid

The Chaldean Patriarchs based in Amid, now Diyarbakır, began with Joseph I who in 1681 separated from the Patriarchal See of Alqosh entering into full communion with Rome.

At the death of Augustine Hindi, this See remained vacant until 1830 upon the merging of the Alqosh line in the person of Mar Yohannan Hormizd thus forming the modern Chaldean Catholic Church.

The Alqosh/Mosul line

The patriarchal See of Alqosh, also known during the 17th and 18th centuries as Eliya line, was the oldest and largest patriarchal See of the Church of the East, the only one existing patriarchal line before the 1553 split, and traces itself back from St. Thomas in the 1st century. In 1610, Mar Eliyya VIII (1591–1617), Patriarch of the See of Alqosh, entered communion with the Catholic Church. Eliyya VIII, however died in 1617, and his successor quickly repudiated the union.

In 1778, with the death of Eliya XII (or XI) Denkha, the See of Alqosh divided between Mar Eliyya XIII Isho-Yab, who was not in communion with Rome, and his cousin Mar Yohannan VIII Eliyya Hormizd, who professed to be Catholic. In 1804, with the death of Eliyya Isho-Yab, Yohannan Hormizd remained the only incumbent of this ancient See. He was recognized patriarch by Rome only in 1830, after the merging of the Chaldean see of Amid, thus forming the modern Chaldean Catholic Church.

See also

External links

  • Chaldean Patriarchate of Babylon by Giga-Catholic Information
  • Eastern Uniate Patriarchs from World Statesmen.org [1]
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