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Northern Iran

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Northern Iran

The provinces of Northern Iran

Northern Iran includes the Southern Caspian regions representing provinces of Gilan, Mazandaran, and Golestan of Iran (Ancient kingdom of Hyrcania, historical region of Tabaristan).

The forest region of northern Iran

The major provinces, Gilan and Mazandaran, are covered with dense forests, snow-covered mountains and impressive sea shores. The major cities are Amol, Bâbol, Anzali, Rasht, Câlus, and Sâri. Northern Iran has got numerous villages, particularly Massulé, appreciated by travellers. Northern Iran was a trendy spot during the Pahlevi era, especially amongst foreign tourists. It was a luxurious place that provided all types of modern recreational facilities as well as tourism infrastructure. Today, it’s mostly visited by domestic tourists.

Climate

1. Plain moderate climate: covering central and western plains of Mazandaran. The average annual rainfall amounts to 1200 or 1300 millimetres, and as we proceed to the east the amount decreases.
2. Mountainous climate: the high mountains and northern parts of the Alborz range. In the heights, the weather is cold mountainous and most of the precipitation is in the form of snow.
3. Turkmenistan border). In this area, the average annual rainfall stands at 500 millimetres.

Iran's Northern Jungles/Rain forests, Gilan

See also


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