World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0016747176
Reproduction Date:

Title: Makówki  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Silesian cuisine, Desserts, List of German desserts, History of Silesia, Kaczawa
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Type Dessert
Place of origin Germany, Poland, Hungary
Region or state Silesia
Main ingredients Sweet white bread, poppy seeds, milk, butter, dried fruit (figs, raisins, apricots, dates), nuts, sugar, honey, vanilla, cinnamon, rum
Cookbook: Makówki 

Makówki, Lower Silesian: Mohnkließla, Mohnklöße, Mohnpilen, Hungarian: Mákos Guba are different names for a traditional poppy seed-based dessert from Central Europe. It is most notable in Silesia, where it is served almost exclusively on Christmas Eve (and perhaps on the following days, as long as the supply prepared for Christmas lasts).

Outside Silesia

Makówki is also well known in Brandenburg and Berlin under the name Mohnpielen [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

A similar dish, but with slices of Kifli (Kipferl) in Hungary is called Mákos Guba.


The main ingredient are: sweet white bread and finely ground poppy seeds boiled in milk with butter. Other important ingredients include: dried fruit (figs, raisins, apricots, dates, etc.) almonds and other kinds of nuts (the choice of nuts and dried fruit varies). It is flavoured with sugar, honey, vanilla, cinnamon and rum.

The bread is cut into thin slices and layered in a clay pot or more often into a glass or crystal bowl. After each layer, the sauce of the boiled poppy seeds, with flavouring and nuts, is poured so that the bread is well soaked. The top is decorated with some extra nuts and fruit. The dish is served cold, at least several hours after preparation.

Significance in Silesia

Silesian cuisine can be very conservative. The tradition of makówki/mohnkließla/mohnpilen is well maintained amongst Silesians, i.e., it is hard to imagine a Silesian Christmas without this foodstuff, and it would be rather unorthodox to serve it outside the Christmas—New Year period. Preparing makowki outside Silesia can be a challenge because of unavailability of finely ground poppy seed (a special mill is usually required). In the U.S.A., canned poppy paste is sometimes commercially available and can be used.

In art

Theodor Fontane in his travels through Mark Brandenburg wrote about Mohnpielen[9] and other dishes.

See also


  1. ^ Mohnpielen in books by 1900
  2. ^ Book from 1836, Mark Brandenburg, Mohnpielen
  3. ^ 1862 book: Northern Germany, Germanic Mythology, to eat seeded foods (particularly Mohnpielen) to ward off bad spirits during twelve days frost
  4. ^ Brandenburg Mohnpielen, 1868 book
  5. ^ 1885 book: Mohnpielen], Die Familie Buchholz, Julius Stinde
  6. ^ 1899 book, Mohnpielen Brandenburg Heimatkunde –Regional history
  7. ^ Mark Brandenburg Mohnpielen Georg, Rietschel, 1902 book
  8. ^ Paul Drechsler, Sitten und Braeuche in Schlesien, in Brandenburg, Mohnpielen 1903 book
  9. ^ Theodor Fontane, Mohnpielen and other dishes

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.