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List of cities in Finland

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List of cities in Finland

This is a list of towns in Finland. In the year 1977 the juridical difference between cities, towns and municipalities were removed. Today only municipalities are recognized, some of which are commonly referred to as towns (kaupunki in Finnish, stad in Swedish). Municipality can decide themself, whether it uses municipality or city / town designation. To date, many decide to use the latter, even though often the places do not even meet the definition of city, made by EU, which is minimum population of 50 000, and minimum population density of 500 inhabitants per square kilometer. Also, even the centre or conurbation of the "city" itself may not be so urban itself. A simple, independent decision in the municipal council is required to change the name of a rural "municipality" (kunta) into a "city" (kaupunki). For towns founded before the 1960s the list includes the year the town was chartered.

A lot of municipal mergers have been made in Finland (and more is yet to come, due a countrywide municipal reform), which also makes it difficult to define "city", because in merger, while population increases a bit, population density decreases. For example, according to the EU definition, Tampere is no longer a city, due completed municipality mergers with Messukylä, Aitolahti and Teisko, decreasing its official population density to 410,5 inhabitants per square kilometer, dated in 1. July 2012. In Finland, the whole municipality area along its borders is officially considered the city or town area. From there on, villages, possible conurbation areas, and administrative center area (which consists the city center and districts of the city) are distinguished quite accurately in official concepts.

The names used in this encyclopedia are usually the Finnish or Swedish forms, depending on the majority language of the municipality, which is common practice where there is no independent English name.

Towns (founded)





Common Name Alternative Name District Year of foundation Population[1]
Akaa Ackas 2007 17129
Alajärvi 1986 10277
Alavus Alavo 1977 12354
Espoo Esbo 1972 259383
Forssa 1964 17724
Haapajärvi Aspsjö 1977 7640
Haapavesi 1996 7287
Hämeenlinna Tavastehus 1639 67577
Hamina Fredrikshamn 1653 21249
Hanko Hangö 1874 9270
Harjavalta 1977 7494
Haukipudas 1866 19053
Heinola 1839 20013
Helsinki Helsingfors 1550 610601
Huittinen Vittis 1977 10618
Hyvinkää Hyvinge 1960 45749
Iisalmi Idensalmi 1891 22130
Ikaalinen Ikalis 1977 7353
Imatra 1971 28313
Jakobstad Pietarsaari 1652 19637
Joensuu 1848 74192
Juankoski Strömsdal 1998 5108
Jyväskylä 1837 133420
Jämsä 1977 22392
Järvenpää Träskända 1967 39631
Kaarina Sankt Karins 1993 31269
Kajaani Kajana 1651 38005
Kalajoki 1865 12589
Kankaanpää 1972 11979
Kannus 1986 5733
Karkkila Högfors 1977 9125
Kaskinen Kaskö 1785 1374
Kauhajoki 2001 14176
Kauhava 1986 17206
Kauniainen Grankulla 1972 8860
Kemi 1869 22285
Kemijärvi Kemiträsk 1973 8145
Kerava Kervo 1970 34601
Keuruu Keuru 1986 10522
Kitee Kides 1992 9083
Kiuruvesi 1993 8987
Kokemäki Kumo 1977 7923
Kokkola Karleby 1620 46714
Kotka 1878 54849
Kouvola 1960 87168
Kristinestad Kristiinankaupunki 1649 7077
Kuhmo 1986 9271
Kuopio 1775 105651
Kurikka 1977 14370
Kuusamo 2000 16177
Lahti Lahtis 1905 103344
Laitila Letala 1986 8462
Lappeenranta Villmanstrand 1649 72625
Lapua Lappo 1977 14615
Lieksa 1973 12568
Lohja Lojo 1969 39748
Loimaa 1969 16840
Loviisa Lovisa 1745 15556
Mänttä-Vilppula Mänttä-Filpula 2009 11306
Mariehamn Maarianhamina 1861 11286
Mikkeli Sankt Michel 1838 48970
Naantali Nådendal 1443 18834
Närpes Närpiö 1993 9383
Nilsiä 1998 6507
Nivala 1992 11053
Nokia 1977 32402
Nurmes 1974 8358
Nykarleby Uusikaarlepyy 1620 7513
Orimattila 1992 16352
Orivesi 1986 9582
Oulainen Oulais 1977 7912
Oulu Uleåborg 1605 192680
Outokumpu 1977 7396
Paimio Pemar 1997 10479
Pargas Parainen 1977 15511
Parkano 1977 6975
Pieksämäki 1962 19672
Pori Björneborg 1558 83427
Porvoo Borgå 1346 49087
Pudasjärvi 2004 8717
Pyhäjärvi 1993 5879
Raahe Brahestad 1649 22606
Raseborg Raasepori 2009 29014
Rauma Raumo 1442 39870
Raisio Reso 1974 24564
Riihimäki 1960 29053
Rovaniemi 1960 60896
Saarijärvi 1986 10373
Salo 1960 55231
Sastamala 2009 24474
Savonlinna Nyslott 1639 27420
Seinäjoki 1960 59632
Siuntio Sjundeå 1382 6160
Somero 1993 9268
Suonenjoki 1977 7561
Tampere Tammerfors 1779 219624
Tornio Torneå 1621 22525
Turku Åbo 1200–1300 181569
Ulvila Ulvsby 1365 to 1558, later 2000 13531
Uusikaupunki Nystad 1617 15687
Vaasa Vasa 1606 65768
Valkeakoski 1963 21175
Vantaa Vanda 1974 206960
Varkaus 1962 22587
Viitasaari 1996 6988
Virrat Virdois 1977 7453
Ylivieska 1971 14307
Ylöjärvi 2004 31521
Äänekoski 1973 20282
Ähtäri Etseri 1986 6394

See also

References

External links

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