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List of Spanish inventors and discoverers

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Title: List of Spanish inventors and discoverers  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Innovation, List of Spanish inventions and discoveries, Inventions, Timeline of United States inventions, List of Bulgarian inventors and discoverers
Collection: History of Spain, Lists of Inventors, Spanish Engineers, Spanish Inventors
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of Spanish inventors and discoverers

This is a list of Spanish inventors and discoverers

Santiago Ramón y Cajal, father of Neuroscience, Nobel prize Laureate


  • A 1
  • B 2
  • C 3
  • D 4
  • E 5
  • F 6
  • G 7
  • H 8
  • J 9
  • L 10
  • M 11
  • O 12
  • P 13
  • R 14
  • S 15
  • T 16
  • U 17
  • V 18
  • See also 19
  • References 20




Pitcairn PCA-2 autogyro, build in the U.S. under Cierva license, 1961.


  • Francisco Díaz de Alcalá (1527-1590), urologist and doctor, wrote the first treatises on diseases of the bladder, kidneys, and urethra; he is generally regarded as the founder of modern urology.[23]
  • Pedro Duque (born 1963), astronaut and veteran of two space missions.[24]



  • Carlos Fernández Casado (1905–1988), civil engineer, designer and builder of bridges and viaducts.[26]
  • Jaime Ferrán (1852–1929), doctor and researcher, discovered several vaccines.[27]


  • Manuel García (1805-1906) singer, music educator, and vocal pedagogue, inventor of the first laryngoscope.[28]
  • Antoni de Gimbernat, (1734–1816), surgeon and anatomist, described in detail the anatomy of the inguinal and femoral regions of the human body and laid the groundwork for modern techniques of inguinal hernia repai. The lacunar ligament is named after him.[29][30]
  • Alejandro Goicoechea Omar (1895-1984), engineer, worked for and co-founded Talgo company, where he developed the Talgo trains famous design.[31]


  • Francisco Hernández (1514–1587), botanicist, carried out important research about the Mexican flora.[32]
  • Juan de Herrera (1530-1597), architect, mathematician and geometrician, designed the construction plans of El Escorial and the Cathedral of Valladolid among others and created a compass to measure length and width and a machine to cut iron.[33]
  • Bartolomé Hidalgo Agüero (1530-1597), doctor, developed, described and evaluated a revolutionary healing method for stab wounds [34]
  • Juan Huarte de San Juan (1529–1588), physician and psychologist, his Examen de ingenios para las ciencias was the first attempt to show the connexion between psychology and physiology.[35]


  • Manuel Jalón Corominas (1925–2011), inventor of the mop (1956) and a worldwide used "two-piece" disposable syringe (1978).[36]
  • Carlos Jiménez Díaz (1898–1967), doctor and researcher, leading figure in pathology.[37]



  • Gregorio Marañón (1887–1960), doctor and researcher, leading figure in endocrinology.[40]
  • Narcís Monturiol (1818–1885), physicist and inventor, pioneer of underwater navigation and first machine powered submarine.[41][42]
  • José Celestino Bruno Mutis (1732–1808), botanicist, doctor, philosopher and mathematician, carried out relevant research about the American flora, founded one of the first astronomic observatories in America (1762).[43]
  • Aureliano Maestre de San Juan (1828-1890), scientist, histologist, physician and anatomist credited as being one of the first scientists to recognize the disorder known as Kallmann syndrome.[44]


Isaac Peral
  • Severo Ochoa (1905–1993), doctor and biochemist, achieved the synthesis of ribonucleic acid (RNA), Nobel prize Laureate (1959).[45]
  • Federico Olóriz Aguilera, (1855-1912), doctor, created the primary fingerprint classification system used in Portugal and Spain prior to the use of computer filing systems.[46]
  • Mateu Orfila (1787–1853), doctor and chemist, father of modern toxicology, leading figure in forensic toxicology.[47]
  • Joan Oró (1923–2004), biochemist, carried out important research about the origin of life, he worked with NASA on the Viking missions.[48]


  • Julio Palacios Martínez (1891–1970), physicist and mathematician.[49]
  • Isaac Peral (1851–1895), engineer and sailor, designer of the first fully operative military submarine. [50]
  • Juan Tomás Porcell (1528-1580), doctor and anatomist, carried decisive research on the Black Death and wrote influential treaties of epidemiology.[51]



Miguel Servet, the first European to correctly describe the function of pulmonary circulation



  • [71]


See also


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Walsh, James J. Science in the Philippines, New York.
  4. ^ Warren, James Francis (2009). "Scientific Superman: Father José Algué, Jesuit Meteorology, and the Philippines under American Rule, 1897-1924." In Colonial Crucible: Empire in the Making of the Modern American State, Part VIII, University of Wisconsin Press.
  5. ^
  6. ^ *Giraud, Bibli. Sacr., II 334-336 (gives list of his writings)
  7. ^
  8. ^ American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
  9. ^ PubMed Central
  10. ^ Pablo Bonet, J. de (1620) Reduction de las letras y Arte para enseñar á ablar los Mudos. Ed. Abarca de Angulo, Madrid, ejemplar facsímil accesible en la [1], online (spanish) scan of book, held at University of Sevilla, Spain
  11. ^
  12. ^ Biography (Spanish)
  13. ^ Remembering Cabrera
  14. ^ Journal of Physics
  15. ^ Spanish National Library - La Esfera, December 28, 1918
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^ Vector Flight
  20. ^ BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards
  21. ^ Baedeker's Barcelona Peter M. Nahm, Automobile Association (Great Britain) - 1992 "Josep Comas i Solà (1868–1937) Born in Barcelona, Josep Comas i Sola soon made his mark as an astronomer; he was only fifteen when he published an article in a French specialist magazine. "
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^ (Spanish)
  25. ^
  26. ^ (Spanish) Javier Manterola Armisén (1988). <>. Revista de Obras Públicas nº 135, pp. 1013-1026.
  27. ^ P. FAUS SEVILLA, El cólera de 1885 en Valencia y la vacunación Ferrán, en Medicina y Sociedad en la España del s. XIX, Madrid 1964, 285-486. (Spanish)
  28. ^
  29. ^ Arráez-Aybar, LA & Bueno-López, JL. (2013). Antonio Gimbernat y Arbós: An Anatomist-surgeon of the Enlightenment (In the 220th Anniversary of his ‘‘A New Method of Operating the Crural Hernia’’). Clinical Anatomy 26:800–809
  30. ^ Antonio de Gimbernat y Arbós (1734–1816). Sociedad Hispanoamericana de Hernia
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^ The man who got Spanish women off their knees has died
  37. ^ Viviane Quirke, Judy Slinn, Perspectives on Twentieth-century Pharmaceuticals (2010), p. 94.
  38. ^ Ruy López de Segura, Libro de la invención liberal y arte del juego del ajedrez..., Alcalá de Henares, Andrés de Angulo, 1561. Ficha en la Biblioteca Digital Hispánica de la BNE.
  39. ^
  40. ^ (Spanish) biography
  41. ^ Cargill Hall, R. (1986). History of rocketry and astronautics: proceedings of the third through the sixth History Symposia of the International Academy of Astronautics, Volumen 1. NASA conference publication. American Astronautical Society by Univelt, p. 85. ISBN 0-87703-260-2
  42. ^ A steam powered submarine: the Ictíneo Low-tech Magazine, 24 August 2008
  43. ^
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^ M. M. Woolfson. Time, Space, Stars & Man: The Story of the Big Bang. World Scientific; 2013. ISBN 978-1-84816-933-3. p. 383.
  49. ^ Armando Duran « Julio Palacios- En el centenario del nacimiento del fisico espanol » El Pais, 14 abril 1991 (Spanish)
  50. ^ Humble 1981, p. 174.
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^ Link to the Spanish Council of Scientific Research (CSIC):
  54. ^ Eric Dymock, "Postwar sports cars. The modern classics".
  55. ^
  56. ^
  57. ^ El impresionante mundo de Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente 14 December 2008 20 minutos (Spanish)
  58. ^ Gaceta de la Actualidad Técnica. Year II, No. 14, September 1955
  59. ^
  60. ^
  61. ^ 2011 “The love for truth. Life and work of Michael Servetus”, (El amor a la verdad. Vida y obra de Miguel Servet.), printed by Navarro y Navarro, Zaragoza, collaboration with the Government of Navarra, Department of Institutional Relations and Education of the Government of Navarra, 607 pp, 64 of them illustrations, p 215-228 & 62nd illustration (XLVII)
  62. ^
  63. ^ Esteban Terrades, A life given to science and technology
  64. ^
  65. ^
  66. ^ Torres and his remarkable automatic devices. Issue 2079 of Scientific American, 1915
  67. ^ Troyano, Leonardo, '"Bridge Engineering: A Global Perspective"', Thomas Telford Publishing, 2003, p.650
  68. ^ water tower in Fedala
  69. ^ The new model of the hydraulic machine known as El Artificio de Juanelo in three-dimensional computer simulation
  70. ^
  71. ^
  72. ^
  73. ^ It is possible to read it in a full view mode here [2] or buy here [3].
  74. ^
  75. ^ D. Campbell, Arabian Medicine and Its Influence on the Middle Ages, p. 5.
  76. ^
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