World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Landmark

Article Id: WHEBN0022532674
Reproduction Date:

Title: Landmark  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Putrajaya Landmark, Caracas, Landmarks, Eyesore, Mount Sungay
Collection: Geography Terminology, Landmarks, Navigation
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Landmark

An 18th century painting of a VOC ship with Table Mountain in the background, used by navigators as the landmark to sail around southern tip of Africa.
The Statue of Liberty, a famous landmark of New York City and United States, greets the newly arrived immigrants, located near Ellis Island where millions of immigrants first touched U.S. soil.
The Eiffel Tower - tallest in the world from 1889 to 1930 and a famous Paris landmark

A landmark is a recognizable natural or man-made feature used for navigation, a feature that stands out from its near environment and is often visible from long distances.

In modern use, the term can also be applied to smaller structures or features, that have become local or national symbols.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Types of landmarks 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Etymology

In old English the word landmearc (from land + mearc (mark)) was used to describe an "object set up to mark the boundaries of a kingdom, estate, etc.".[1] Starting from approx. 1560, this understanding of landmark was replaced by a more general one. A landmark became a "conspicuous object in a landscape". A landmark literally meant a geographic feature used by explorers and others to find their way back or through an area. For example the Table Mountain near Cape Town, South Africa, is used as the landmark to help sailors to navigate around southern tip of Africa during the Age of Exploration. Other than natural geographic feature, man-made structures are sometimes built to assist sailors in naval navigation. The Lighthouse of Alexandria and Colossus of Rhodes for example are ancient structures from antiquities built for this purpose, to lead ships to the port.

In modern usage, a landmark includes anything that is easily recognizable, such as a monument, building, or other structure. In American English it is the main term used to designate places that might be of interest to tourists due to notable physical features or historical significance. Landmarks in the British English sense are often used for casual navigation, such as giving directions. This is done in American English as well.

In urban studies as well as in geography, a landmark is furthermore defined as an external point of reference that helps orienting in a familiar or unfamiliar environment.[2] Landmarks are often used in verbal route instructions and as such an object of study by linguists as well as in other fields of study.

Types of landmarks

Landmarks are usually classified as either natural landmarks or man-made landmarks, both are originally used to support navigation on finding directions. A variant is a seamark or daymark, a structure usually built intentionally to aid sailors navigating featureless coasts.

In modern sense, landmarks are usually referred to as monuments or distinctive buildings, used as the symbol of a certain area, city, or nation, such as the Eiffel tower in Paris, Big Ben in London, Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro or Fernsehturm in Berlin. Church spires are often very tall and visible from many miles around, thus often serve as built landmarks. Also town hall towers and belfries often have a landmark character.

Natural landmarks can be characteristic features, such as mountains or plateaus. Trees also serve as local landmarks, such as jubilee oaks or conifers. Some landmark trees may be nicknamed, examples being Queen's Oak, Hanging Oak or Centennial Tree.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=landmark
  2. ^ Lynch, Kevin. "The image of the city". MIT Press, 1960, p. 48

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.