World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kujūkuri Beach

Article Id: WHEBN0006517771
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kujūkuri Beach  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of beaches, Sōbu Main Line, Surrender of Japan
Collection: Beaches of Japan, Geography of Chiba Prefecture, Landforms of Chiba Prefecture, Visitor Attractions in Chiba Prefecture
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kujūkuri Beach

Kujūkuri Beach
九十九里浜
Kujūkuri-hama
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Aerial view, from south to north, of Kujūkuri Beach
Map showing the location of Kujūkuri Beach
Map showing the location of Kujūkuri Beach
Location Chiba Prefecture, Japan
Coordinates
Kujūkuri Beach on a late summer afternoon

Kujūkuri Beach (九十九里浜 Kujūkuri-hama) is a sandy beach that occupies much of the northeast coast of the Bōsō Peninsula in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.[1][2] The beach is approximately 60 kilometres (37 mi) long, making it the second longest beach in Japan. Kujūkuri Beach is a popular swimming and surfing destination for inhabitants of Greater Tokyo.[3][4] The beach is protected as part of Kujūkuri Prefectural Natural Park.[1]

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Municipalities 2
  • Etymology 3
  • History 4
  • Flora and fauna 5
  • See also 6
  • External links 7
  • References 8

Geography

Kujūkuri Beach extends in the shape of an arc from Cape Gyōbumi in Asahi to the north to Cape Taitō in Isumi, Chiba Prefecture to the south.[4][5] The beach is relatively straight, in contrast to the typically irregular coastlines of Japan.[6] The coastal region of the beach is the north-eastern end of Kuroshio Current influence in Japan. The tides and the Kuroshio Current create sand deposits along the length of the beach which form sand dunes of 4 metres (13 ft) to 6 metres (20 ft).[1] Kujūkuri Beach has no reef.[6]

Municipalities

Kujūkuri Beach extends across ten municipalities in Chiba Prefecture. They include:

Etymology

"Kujūkurihama" literally means "ninety nine ri (sandy) beach." Minamoto no Yoritomo was thought to order the measurement of the beach, and 99 arrows were stuck on the sand—one every ri.[1] The unit "ri" was then 6 chō (approx. 660 m), but later the ri extended to 36 chō (ca. 3.9 km). The short ri of 6 chō has long been forgotten or not in use, thus today many believe and explain incorrectly that 99 is just an inference of its long distance. The actual length of the beach is approximately 66 km, making the original measurement by Minamoto no Yoritomo the correct one.

History

In the Edo period (1603 – 1868) a new fishing net technology was brought from Kii Province, a province that covered present-day Wakayama Prefecture, as well as the southern part of Mie Prefecture. Seine fishing was introduced via trade maritime routes along the Kuroshio Current. Seine fishing, whereby a fishing net hangs vertically in the water with its bottom edge held down by weights, its top edge is buoyed by floats, and is held by fishermen or boats at either end. The introduction of seines allowed for the large-scale fishing of sardines in the region. Kujūkuri Beach became a noted center for the production of hoshika, or dried sardines. After the beginning of the Meiji period in the 19th century motorboats were used to support the net.[1]

In the last days of World War II, the Allied forces planned to land on Kujūkuri Beach in Operation Coronet. Japan's failure to complete the beach's defences on schedule contributed to Emperor Hirohito's decision to surrender.[7]

Flora and fauna

A northern species chum salmon returns to a river of the beach every year, the southernmost in Japan. According to a programme of NHK, Kujūkuri is the best place in Japan to observe the sanderling. These tiny birds can be seen on most spring and autumn days following the ebb and flow of the waves at amazing speeds in search of food. Kujūkuri Beach is a noted area for sardine fishing.[3][5] Japanese black pines have been planted along the length of the beach to prevent erosion.[1]

See also

External links

  • 99Beach Tourist Guide (Japanese)

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.