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Kostanay

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Title: Kostanay  
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Subject: 2015 FC Tobol season, Kostanay Central Stadium, Arkalyk, Roads in Kazakhstan, 2015 Kazakhstan Cup
Collection: Populated Places Established in 1879, Populated Places in Kostanay Region
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Kostanay

Kostanay
Қостанай
Skyline of Kostanay
Flag of Kostanay
Flag
Official seal of Kostanay
Seal
Kostanay is located in Kazakhstan
Kostanay
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates:
Country Kazakhstan
Region Kostanay Region
Founded 1879
Incorporated (city) 1893
Government
 • Akim (mayor) Kairat Sandybekov
Area
 • Total 240 km2 (90 sq mi)
Highest elevation 185 m (607 ft)
Lowest elevation 125 m (410 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 217,135
 • Density 900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone Asia/Almaty (UTC+6)
Postal code 110000
Area code(s) +7 7142[1]
Vehicle registration P
Website .kz.kostanay-citywww

Kostanay (Kazakh: Қостанай / Qostanay) is a city located on the Tobol River in northern Kazakhstan. It was known as Nikolayevsk (Russian: Николаевск) until 1895 and then as Kustanay (Russian: Кустанай) until 1997. Kostanay is the administrative center of Kostanay Region. Population: 214,916 (2009 Census results);[2]222,816 (1999 Census results).[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Public institutions 2
  • Climate 3
  • Culture 4
  • Communications and transportation 5
  • Sport 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

Kostanay was founded by Russian settlers in 1879[3] who named it Nikolaevsk in honor of Nicholas II. In 1888 the town had more than 3,000 inhabitants involved in the building of a mill and brewery, which still operates today. In 1893 the town was incorporated as a city. The Red Army took control in 1918 and changed the city's name to Kostanay. The Kostanay Region was established in 1936, with its administrative center in Kostanay. As of 1989, the city had 275,000 inhabitants.

Public institutions

In Kostanay there are 5 institutions of higher education. There are also 22 colleges (secondary level education) in which over 12,200 pupils are taught. The state network of culture totals 380 libraries, 201 club establishments, 8 museums and 2 theatres. There are numerous athletic facilities: two sports arenas, 26 stadiums, 10 sports complexes and 567 sports halls.

Climate

Climate data for Kustanay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −13
(9)
−12
(10)
−5
(23)
8
(47)
19
(67)
25
(77)
27
(80)
25
(77)
18
(65)
8
(47)
−2
(28)
−10
(14)
7.3
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F) −23
(−9)
−22
(−8)
−17
(2)
−3
(27)
6
(42)
11
(52)
13
(56)
11
(52)
6
(42)
−2
(28)
−11
(12)
−19
(−3)
−4.2
(24.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.9)
18
(0.7)
18
(0.7)
18
(0.7)
30
(1)
56
(2.2)
61
(2.4)
30
(1)
33
(1.3)
30
(1.2)
20
(0.8)
10
(0.4)
347
(13.3)
Source: Weatherbase[4]

Culture

Coin with Kostanay

Kostanay is rich in objects with a historical-cultural heritage. The regional center includes a Sunni Muslim mosque, the Building of Regional Administration, Kostanay State University, Altynsarin Regional memorial museum, the Kazakh Drama Theatre, the Central Square, and a railway station. Historical monuments include: I. Altynsarin monument, the Bust to Two Heroes of Soviet Union (I. F. Pavlov and L. I. Beda), the A. Baitursynov monument, the Memorial complex of memory of victims of the Second World War, A. Imanov bust, L.I. Taranu Bust, the B. Majlinu Monument, "Execution wall" (where Alexander Kolchak's army officers were executed by Red Army soldiers), and the Alexander Pushkin monument. For details, see the city's interactive map.

Communications and transportation

Soyuz TMA-06M crew members are greeted at the Kostanay Airport

The main transit roads connect the regional center with the following cities in Russia: Chelyabinsk, Magnitogorsk, Troitsk, Yekaterinburg, Kurgan and Tyumen. They also connect to Astana, Almaty, in Kazakhstan, and adjoining areas. The length of the railways is 1048 km. Fifty-three stations process cargo and passenger transportation. Oil is delivered from Russia and oil refineries in Kazakhstan by rail.

Runways of the airport of Kostanay can accept the following types of airplanes: Tu-134, Tu-154, An-22, Il-86 and some Boeing airliners. From Kostanay International Airport, there are regular and charter flights to many cities in Kazakhstan, many former Soviet republics, Germany (Frankfurt and Hanover), the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, and others. These are ports of entry and customs checkpoints.

The local telecommunications monopoly in the Kostanay region is a branch of Kazakhtelecom.

Sport

Kostanay is home to FC Tobol, a football team in the Kazakhstan Super League. They are based at the Kostanay Central Stadium. The city also contains an ice rink.

References

  1. ^ CODE OF ACCESS
  2. ^ a b "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Kostanay city". visitkazakhstan.kz. Retrieved 2015-10-06. 
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Kustanay, Kazakhstan". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

External links

  • http://www.kostanay.kz
  • Photos Kostanay
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