World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

José Maria Neves

José Maria Pereira Neves (Portuguese pronunciation: ; born March 28, 1960) is a Cape Verdean politician who has been the Prime Minister of Cape Verde since 2001. He is a member of the African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV).


Born on the island of Santiago,[1]“José Maria Neves became interested in the politics and government of Cape Verde as a teen-ager.”[2] “He was the leader of a nationalist youth organization during the country’s transition from Portuguese rule to independence and democracy in 1975.” [3] Part of his superior education was in the Getúlio Vargas Foundation in Brazil.

As a candidate for the party leadership at PAICV's September 1997 congress, he faced Pedro Pires;[4] Pires defeated Neves in the leadership election, winning 68% of the vote.[5] In May 2000, Neves—then serving as President of the Santa Catarina Town Council—announced that he would seek the PAICV presidency again at the June 2000 party congress; Pires was leaving the PAICV presidency in anticipation of his candidacy in the next year's national presidential election.[6]

While acknowledging the harmful effects of slavery and colonialism on Africa, Neves said in December 2006 that African leaders were primarily responsible for the continent's present-day problems, and that they "must assume their responsibility to develop a clear strategy for Africa's future that takes advantage of all of its human capabilities and natural resources."[7] Neves is a supporter of European Union membership for Cape Verde.

From August 12 to August 16, 2005, he visited eight state capitals of Brazil including São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Goiânia, Recife, Maceió, João Pessoa, Natal and Fortaleza. He also received an audience from Brazilian President Lula da Silva on August 22.

A new government under Neves was announced on June 27, 2008, with six ministers joining the government and four ministers leaving it. Three of the new ministers were women, making it the first government in Cape Verde with a female majority (eight out of 15 portfolios).[8]

On 6 February 2011, he was elected to his third term by most Cape Verdean voters, thus reinforcing his party's influence in the Cape Verdean parliament.


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Cape Verde: Opposition party congress opens", Radio Renascenca, Lisbon (, September 19, 1997.
  5. ^ "Cape Verde: Former PM elected leader of main opposition PAICV party", Radio Renascenca, Lisbon (, September 22, 1997.
  6. ^ "Cape Verde: Town council leader to run for PAIGC party leadership", RDP Africa web site (, May 29, 2000.
  7. ^ "Africa 'stop blaming colonialism'", AFP (, December 22, 2006.
  8. ^ "Profunda remodelação governamental em Cabo Verde", Panapress, June 27, 2008 (Portuguese) .

External links

  • , October 9, 2003Boston UniversityBiography,
Political offices
Preceded by
Gualberto do Rosário
Prime Minister of Cape Verde

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.