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Human rights in Kazakhstan

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Title: Human rights in Kazakhstan  
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Subject: Constitution of Kazakhstan, Government of Kazakhstan, Politics of Kazakhstan, Mazhilis, Senate of Kazakhstan
Collection: Human Rights by Country, Kazakhstani Society, Politics of Kazakhstan
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Human rights in Kazakhstan

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan's human rights situation is uniformly described as poor by independent observers. Human Rights Watch says that "Kazakhstan heavily restricts freedom of assembly, speech, and religion. In 2014, authorities closed newspapers, jailed or fined dozens of people after peaceful but unsanctioned protests, and fined or detained worshipers for practicing religion outside state controls. Government critics, including opposition leader Vladimir Kozlov, remained in detention after unfair trials ... Torture remains common in places of detention."[1]

Kazakhstan's political structure concentrates power in the presidency. President Nursultan Nazarbayev has been the country's leader since 1989, when he was named First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR, and was elected the nation's first president following its independence from the Soviet Union in December 1991. No election ever held in Kazakhstan has met international standards.[2][3]

Contents

  • Politics, freedom of speech and the press 1
  • Right to fair trial 2
  • Religious freedom 3
    • 2006 Hare Krishna evictions 3.1
  • Human rights dialogue 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes 6
  • External links 7

Politics, freedom of speech and the press

Political expression was reported to be restricted in Kazakhstan in the months leading up to presidential elections in December 2005, according to observers, including Human Rights Watch and Freedom House.[4] Kazakh authorities reportedly attempted to restrict freedom of speech and shut down independent media and civil society groups. In September, the Vremya printing house unexpectedly cancelled contracts with seven newspapers, with no explanation given. Likewise, other printing firms in Kazakhstan's former capital, Almaty, also refused to print the publications. After a week-long hunger strike by the editors of these papers, the Daur publishing house agreed to publish five of the newspapers. Virtually all of Kazakhstan's broadcast media are owned by firms closely associated with the government; newspapers are some of the few sources of independent reporting.[5]

Some outsider observers, including HRW, have noted increasing anxiety in the Kazakh government after recent democratic revolutions in former Soviet states including Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan. Efforts to restrict dissent ahead of the 2 December 2005 elections may have indicated the government's attempt to prevent such transformation from occurring in Kazakhstan.[5]

Right to fair trial

According to a US government report released in 2014, in Kazakhstan: "The law does not adequately provide for an independent judiciary. The executive branch sharply limited judicial independence. Prosecutors enjoyed a quasi-judicial role and had the authority to suspend court decisions… Corruption was evident at every stage of the judicial process. Although judges were among the most highly paid government employees, lawyers and human rights monitors alleged that judges, prosecutors, and other officials solicited bribes in exchange for favorable rulings in the majority of criminal cases."[6]

Religious freedom

2006 Hare Krishna evictions

On November 20, 2006, three buses full of [8]

Human rights dialogue

In 2008, in line with its ‘Strategy for a New Partnership’ with Central Asia, the European Union agreed with the Republic of Kazakhstan to establish an annual human rights dialogue, and its first round was held on 15 October 2008 in Astana.[9]

These dialogues constitute an essential part of the EU’s overall strategy to promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, sustainable development, peace and stability.[10] On 12 November 2014 the European Union and Kazakhstan held the sixth round of the annual Human Rights Dialogue in Brussels.[11] The Kazakh delegation was led by Mr Yogan Merkel, First Deputy Prosecutor General, who was accompanied by Mr Vyacheslav Kalyuzhnyy, Director of the National Centre for Human Rights, and other senior officials.[11] The EU delegation was led by Mr Silvio Gonzato, Director for Human Rights and Democracy at the European External Action Service.[11] The dialogue was held in a positive and constructive atmosphere.[11] The EU welcomed Kazakhstan's development of a functioning National Preventive Mechanism for the monitoring of places of detention, and encouraged further steps to strengthen the Office of the Ombudsman and the National Centre for Human Rights.[11] The EU acknowledged Kazakhstan's recent engagement in the second cycle of the Universal Period Review (UPR) process at the UN Human Rights Council, and encouraged the Kazakh authorities to consider accepting a number of UPR recommendations that it initially did not support.[11] The next round of the EU-Kazakhstan Human Rights Dialogue is expected to take place in Astana in 2015.[11]

OSCE and the Kazakhstan International Bureau for Human Rights and Rule of Law conduct joint training programs on human rights.[12]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Human Rights Watch, World Report 2015: Kazakhstan, accessed October 2015.
  2. ^ Chivers, C.J. (6 December 2005). "Kazakh President Re-elected; voting Flawed, Observers Say". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 April 2014. Kazakhstan has never held an election that met international standards. 
  3. ^ Pannier, Bruce (11 March 2015). "Kazakhstan's long term president to run in snap election – again".  
  4. ^ Freedom House:[2]
  5. ^ a b International Freedom of Expression Exchange:GOVERNMENT MUZZLING FREE EXPRESSION IN RUN-UP TO ELECTIONS, 19 October 2005
  6. ^ "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013: Kazakhstan," Released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/humanrightsreport/index.htm?year=2013&dlid=220395#wrapper Retrieved on September 15, 2014
  7. ^ Forum 18 News Service:KAZAKHSTAN: Will rest of Hare Krishna commune now be destroyed?, 24 November 2005
  8. ^ Finn, Peter (25 July 2007). "Local Property Dispute Grows Into International Issue for Kazakhstan". The Washington Post. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "European Union – Kazakhstan Civil Society Seminar on Human Rights. Judicial System and Places of Detention: Towards the European Standards" (PDF). http://www.eucentralasia.eu. 
  10. ^ "EU human rights dialogues in Central Asia" (PDF). http://eeas.europa.eu. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "Press Release: EU-Kazakhstan Human Rights Dialogue". http://eeas.europa.eu/. 
  12. ^ "OSCE Programme Office in Astana supports human rights education for police | OSCE". www.osce.org. Retrieved 2015-10-27. 

External links

Human rights reports
News articles
  • KAZAKHSTAN: No under-18s to attend worship or Sunday School (Forum 18) January 20, 2005
  • Kazakh Diplomat Praises Presidential Vote - (AP) New York Times 21 November 2005
  • Pro-Democracy Groups Are Harassed in Central Asia New York Times. Dec. 3, 2005.
  • Opposition Party Excluded New York Times. Dec. 22, 2005.
  • Concern over Kazakh religious row (bbc.co.uk) Dec. 11
  • KAZAKHSTAN: Expelled for "missionary activity without registration" (concerning a Presbyterian pastor) (Forum 18) November 15, 2006
  • KAZAKHSTAN: State bulldozes Hare Krishna commune, bids to chair OSCE (Forum 18) November 21, 2006
  • Video of destruction of Hare Krishna homes (Google Video)
  • OSCE press release on destruction of Hare Krishna property November 27, 2006
  • U.S. Embassy urges Kazakh authorities to end harassment of Hare Krishna International Herald Tribune December 7, 2006
  • International response to demolition of Hare Krishna property in Kazakhstan (Wiki-news article) Dec. 12, 2006
  • KAZAKHSTAN: "Economic war" to crush Baptists? (Forum 18) May 11, 2007
  • Two Years Later, Kazakh Journalist's Disappearance Remains A Mystery. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. March 30, 2009.
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