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Holy Trinity Church, Warsaw

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Title: Holy Trinity Church, Warsaw  
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Subject: Neoclassical architecture in Poland, Planned destruction of Warsaw, Warsaw, History of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1764–95)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Holy Trinity Church, Warsaw

Holy Trinity Church
Holy Trinity Church.
General information
Architectural style Neoclassical
Town or city Warsaw
Country Poland
Construction started 1777
Completed 1782
Demolished 1939
Client Piotr Tepper
Design and construction
Architect Szymon Bogumił Zug

The Holy Trinity Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession (Polish: Kościół Świętej Trójcy), also known as Zug's Protestant Church (Polish: Zbór Zuga) is a Lutheran church in Warsaw, Poland. This is one of two Augsburg Evangelical churches in Warsaw. Designed and constructed by Szymon Bogumił Zug, it is one of the largest churches in Warsaw and one of the most notable for its design.


The king's banker, Piotr Tepper, made efforts to build the church and in 1777 he obtained the appropriate privilege from King Stanisław August Poniatowski.[1] The king however reserved for himself the right of choosing the design of the building. The church was designed by Szymon Bogumił Zug and constructed in 1777–1782. It is a Classical rotunda based partly on the Roman Pantheon.[2] The Lutheran church was the highest and at the same time one of the biggest buildings of 18th century Warsaw. The diameter of the dome was 33.4 meters and the height was 58 meters.[1] The huge dome with magnificent lantern tower still dominates the nearby buildings. It upholds the spirit of pure classicism. As the tallest building in Warsaw at that time it served as vantage point for the Polish Army during the Kościuszko Uprising.

In the beginning of the 19th century the church was renowned of the music performances accompanying the service. Among the famous musicians, who gave concerts here was Frédéric Chopin. In April 1825 in the presence of tsar Alexander I of Russia, he played on the choralion (aeolimelodicon).

The church fell into ruin when bombed and burnt by the Germans on September 16, 1939.[1] It was rebuilt after the war. Inside, visitors are impressed by its double gallery encircling the interior. Because of its acoustic improvements and a splendid organ, the classical music here.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c (English) "Holy Trinity Lutheran Church in Warsaw". Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  2. ^ a b (English) "Holy Trinity Evangelical Church". Retrieved 2008-02-18. 


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