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Helsinki-Vantaa airport

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Helsinki-Vantaa airport

This article is about the main airport of Helsinki. For Helsinki-Malmi Airport, see Helsinki-Malmi Airport.
Helsinki Airport
Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema
Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats
Airport type Public
Operator Finavia
Serves Helsinki
Location Vantaa, Finland
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 55 m / 179 ft
Coordinates 60°19′02″N 024°57′48″E / 60.31722°N 24.96333°E / 60.31722; 24.96333Coordinates: 60°19′02″N 024°57′48″E / 60.31722°N 24.96333°E / 60.31722; 24.96333

Location within Finland
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04R/22L 3,400 11,200 Asphalt
04L/22R 3,060 10,039 Asphalt
15/33 2,901 9,518 Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers 14,858,215
Landings 84,798
Source: AIP Finland[1]
Statistics from Finavia[2]

Helsinki Airport[3] or Helsinki-Vantaa Airport[1] (IATA: HELICAO: EFHK; Finnish: Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema, Swedish: Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats[4]) is the main international airport of the Helsinki metropolitan region and the whole of Finland. It is located in Vantaa, Finland, about 5 kilometres (3 mi) west of Tikkurila, the centre of Vantaa, and 9.2 NM (17.0 km; 10.6 mi) north[1] of Helsinki city centre. Originally built for the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, the airport served 14,865,871 passengers in 2011 and it is the fourth largest airport in the Nordic countries. It provides jobs for 20,000 people and there are 1,500 companies who operate at this airport.[5] Helsinki Airport is the leading and most busiest cargo airport in the Nordic countries.[6]

The airport is operated by Finavia, the state-owned enterprise that operates Finland's airports. Helsinki Airport was chosen as the best airport in the world in the IATA 1999 survey on the topic. In 2006 the global airport customer satisfaction survey AETRA ranked Helsinki Airport one of the best airports worldwide and according to Association of European Airlines 2005 delay rates, Helsinki Airport was the most punctual airport in Europe.

The airport is the international and domestic hub for Finnair, the Finnish flag carrier. It is also the hub for Blue1, the Finnish regional division of SAS. Low cost carrier Norwegian Air Shuttle and Flybe Finland are based at Helsinki Airport as well.


The airport is nominally divided into 2 terminals, located 250 metres (820 ft) apart and linked by an internal pedestrian connection both airside and landside. In practice, however, the airside parts of the terminal buildings are not divided into terminal 1 (the former domestic terminal) and terminal 2 (the former international terminal) but to Schengen and non-Schengen areas. The non-Schengen area of terminal 2 has been enlarged in 2009, enabling the airport to receive eight wide-body aircraft at the same time. Simultaneously, the passenger capacity of the airport has been risen to some 16 million passengers per year.[7]

In 2013 Finavia announced plans to expand the airport to serve up to 20 million passenger by 2020. The construction is set to begin in 2014 by adding capacity to check-in and transit areas at Terminal 2. The expansion project is estimated to cost 900 million euros. Part of the plan is to build a satellite terminal next to Terminal 2 but no final decision is made yet. [8]


The airport's three runways provide a platform for future growth while the airport can accommodate extra-wide aircraft such as the Airbus A340 and Airbus A350, the former already in service and the latter being scheduled to enter service at Helsinki Airport with Finnair in the coming decade. The use of three runways allows for efficient clearing away of snow and ice during the winter months to keep the airport open.[9]

Airlines and destinations




Handling agents

The following handling agents provide full ground handling services for airlines:[10] Airpro, Inter Handling, ISS Aviation, Servisair, Groundpower, Swissport.



Annual passenger statistics for Helsinki Airport[11]
Year Domestic passengers International passengers Total passengers Change
1999 2,803,907 6,760,931 9,564,028 +2.2% Increase
2000 3,042,914 6,967,234 10,010,148 +4.7% Increase
2001 2,999,672 7,031,246 10,030,918 +0.2% Increase
2002 2,747,862 6,862,025 9,609,887 −4.2% Decrease
2003 2,684,618 7,026,302 9,710,920 +1.1% Increase
2004 2,836,852 7,893,125 10,729,977 +10.5% Increase
2005 2,804,304 8,326,285 11,130,589 +3.7% Increase
2006 2,927,627 9,220,154 12,147,781 +9.1% Increase
2007 2,875,289 10,215,455 13,090,744 +7.8% Increase
2008 2,700,350 10,726,551 13,426,901 +2.2% Increase
2009 2,372,844 10,218,762 12,591,606 −6.3% Decrease
2010 2,208,521 10,674,878 12,883,399 +2.2% Increase
2011 2,707,044 12,158,827 14,865,871 +15.5% Increase
2012 2,693,151 12,165,064 14,858,215 −0.1% Decrease

Freight and Mail

Loaded/Unloaded freight and mail (tons, kg) Helsinki Airport[12]
Year Domestic freight Domestic mail International freight International mail Total freight and mail Change
2005 4,692 5,251 115,734 9,627 135,303 +1.9% Increase
2006 4,145 5,469 126,332 9,098 145,044 +7.2% Increase
2007 3,171 5,676 139,840 14,961 154,801 +6.7% Increase
2008 2,968 4,435 140,572 9,532 157,508 +1.8% Increase
2009 1,322 2,161 110,382 8,243 122,107 −22.5% Decrease
2010 1,083 1,992 147,139 7,793 158,007 +29.4% Increase
2011 615 2,464 157,178 9,962 169,985 +8.0% Increase
2012 1,747 1,930 180,426 8,100 192,204 +12.8% Increase

Other operations

Finnair's head office is located in Tietotie 11 on the grounds of Helsinki Airport. The company moved the head office there from central Helsinki in 1994. The company held a "house-warming" ceremony on 11 January 1994.[13] The head office of Finavia, the company that manages Finland's airports, is located on the grounds of the airport.[14] Other airlines with head offices on the grounds of the airport include Blue1.[15]

The Aviapolis is a new international business park adjacent to the Helsinki airport area, already hosting the operations of numerous companies around the airport. Several hotels are located near the airport as well.

Ground transportation


Connecting the airport by frequent local bus Turku.

The construction of the Ring Rail Line rail link to the airport was started in May 2009, with an opening for traffic projected for mid-2014. The new railway will serve local commuter trains running at 10-minute intervals at peak periods. The trip from an underground station under the current airport terminal building to the Helsinki Central Station will take about 30 minutes. Passengers will be able to make the connection to and from long-distance trains at Tikkurila, an 8-minute journey away from the airport on the future rail connection.[16]


There are regular Helsinki Regional Transport Authority under the "HSL" brand. A direct luxury coach service by Finnair is also available to and from the city center (usually about 30 min).

Coach connections, daytime and overnight, to all parts of Finland are provided by Matkahuolto and ExpressBus. They depart from airport coach terminal.

See also

Finland portal
Aviation portal
  • List of the largest airports in the Nordic countries


External links

  • Helsinki airport – Airport homepage in English
  • AIP Finland – Helsinki-Vantaa Airport
  • Aviation Safety Network
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