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Heidekreis

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Heidekreis

Heidekreis
District
Coat of arms of Heidekreis
Coat of arms
Country  Germany
State Lower Saxony
Capital Bad Fallingbostel
Government
 • District admin. Manfred Ostermann
Area
 • Total 1,873.5 km2 (723.4 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • Total 136,251
 • Density 73/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration HK (until 31.7.2011: SFA)
Website soltau-fallingbostel.de

Heidekreis ("Heath district") is a district (Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the districts of Harburg, Lüneburg, Uelzen, Celle, Hanover, Nienburg, Verden and Rotenburg.

History

Historically the region belonged to the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg and its successor states. The district was established in 1977 by merging the former districts of Soltau and Fallingbostel as Soltau-Fallingbostel (German pronunciation: ). On 1 August 2011 it was renamed to Heidekreis.

Geography

The district includes the western half of the Lüneburg Heath (Lüneburger Heide). Since this landscape is so characteristic for the district, it calls itself "the Heath District". The capital is Bad Fallingbostel, although it has only 11,800 inhabitants and is only the fifth largest town in the district.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms displays:

Towns and municipalities

Towns Samtgemeinden
  1. Bad Fallingbostel
  2. Munster
  3. Schneverdingen
  4. Soltau
  5. Walsrode


Free municipalities

  1. Bispingen
  2. Bomlitz
  3. Neuenkirchen
  4. Wietzendorf


Unincorporated area

  1. Osterheide
  1. Ahlden
  2. Eickeloh
  3. Grethem
  4. Hademstorf
  5. Hodenhagen1
  1. Böhme
  2. Frankenfeld
  3. Häuslingen
  4. Rethem1, 2
  1. Buchholz
  2. Essel
  3. Gilten
  4. Lindwedel
  5. Schwarmstedt1
1seat of the Samtgemeinde; 2town

Culture and places of interest

Cultural matters are looked after by the those charged with communal cultural support within the towns and municipalities, the parishes, the banks, the Lüneburg Regional Association and private cultural initiatives.

Museums and collections

  • Dat ole Hus (heath and open-air museum in Wilsede)
  • German Tank Museum in Munster (German military history of the 20th century)
  • Düshorn Village Museum (life and work around 100 years ago)
  • Hof der Heidmark in Bad Fallingbostel (memorial to the Heidmark)
  • Klingendes Museum (mechanical musical instruments) in Schwarmstedt
  • Museum of the Archaeological Working Group in Bad Fallingbostel
  • Soltau Museum (local history and archaeological exhibition) in Soltau
  • Soltau Toy Museum (toys from four centuries)
  • Peetshof (Zeugen Wietzendorfs um 1900) in Wietzendorf
  • Prussian History (Pavillon im Landschaftspark Iserhatsche) in Bispingen
  • Pult- und Federkielmuseum (Schulmuseum in Insel) in Schneverdingen
  • Rischmannshof Heath Museum (heath and open-air museum) in Walsrode
  • Schäferhof Neuenkirchen (Moorland sheep rearing to preserve the heath and moorlands between Neuenkirchen and Soltau) in Neuenkirchen
  • Heimathaus auf dem Schroershof (historic farmstead with many buildings) in Neuenkirchen
  • Art Society and Springhornhof Foundation in Neuenkirchen
  • Bothmer School Museum (schools in the times of the Emperor) in Schwarmstedt
  • Ehrhorn Woodland Museum (woods – heathland – people) in Schneverdingen

Cinemas

  • Munster: Deutsches Haus
  • Soltau: Gloria-Kino-Center
  • Walsrode: Capitol-Theater

Lüneburg Regional Association

The county is a member of the Lüneburg Regional Association (Lüneburgischer Landschaftsverband), which looks after regional, cultural-political tasks.

Nature reserves

There are es 26 nature reserves in the county of Soltau-Fallingbostel.[2][3] The largest one (Lüneburg Heath Nature Reserve) has an area of 13,222 ha in the territory of the county of Soltau-Fallingbostel, the smallest (Söhlbruch) has an area of 8 ha.[4]

Jewish cemeteries

There are four Jewish cemeteries in Soltau-Fallingbostel : in Ahlden, Rethem, Soltau und Walsrode.[5] There are protected cultural monuments – stone witnesses to former Jewish communities and a thriving Jewish parish live into the 1930s. The cemeteries are mainly on the edge of parishes.

See also

References

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official website (German)

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