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Farrukhzad

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Title: Farrukhzad  
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Subject: Rostam Farrokhzād, Muslim conquest of Persia, Battle of Waj Rudh, Siyavakhsh, Kavadh II
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Farrukhzad

Farrukhzad (Middle Persian: Farrūkhzādag, Persian: فرخزاد‎), also known as Khurrazad, Zīnabī Abū’l-Farrukhan and Bav, was an eminent Sasanian commander and later spahbed during the Arab invasion of Iran. Farrukhzad was brother of the powerful spahbed Rostam Farrokhzād, who fought and died at the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah.[1] Farrukhzad is most famous for being present at the Battle of Jalula. There he led a major Persian force against the Muslims, resulting in a major disaster with perhaps a hundred thousands Persian casualties.[2][3] After his defeat, he left western Persia along with Yazdegerd III to Greater Khorasan. However, he later made a mutiny against Yazdegerd III, and marched towards Ray, where he aided the Arabs in defeating his rival the Mihranid Siyavakhsh. He then left for Tabaristan where he became king of the region, including parts of Khorasan. He was murdered in 665 Valash, an Karenid nobleman, who then conquered his domains.[4]

Family tree

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bawi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shapur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vinduyih
 
 
 
 
 
Vistahm
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Farrukh Hormizd
 
 
Tiruyih
 
 
 
Vinduyih
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rostam Farrokhzād
 
Farrukhzad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shahram
 
Surkhab I
 
Isfandyadh
 
Bahram
 
Farrukhan
 
 

References

  1. ^ Touraj Daryaee, Sassanian Iran: Portrait of a Late Antique Empire, p. 97.
  2. ^ Michael G. Morony, Iraq After the Muslim Conquest (Gorgias Press, 2006: ISBN 978-1-59333-315-7), pp. 193-194.
  3. ^ Tony Jacques, Dictionary of Battles and Sieges (Greenwood Press, 2007: ISBN 978-0-313-33538-9), p. 484.
  4. ^ Pourshariati (2008), p. 307

Sources

  • Ahmad Hasan Dani, B. A. Litvinsky, Vadim Mikhaĭlovich Masson, History of Civilizations of Central Asia: The Crossroads of Civilizations, p. 228.
  • Pourshariati, Parvaneh (2008). Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire: The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran. London and New York: I.B. Tauris.  
Farrukhzad
Ispahbudhan
Preceded by
None
King of Tabaristan
650-665
Succeeded by
Valash
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