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Euratom Treaty

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Title: Euratom Treaty  
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Collection: 1957 in Europe, 1957 in Italy, 20Th Century in Rome, European Atomic Energy Community, Nuclear Technology Treaties, Treaties and Declarations of the European Union, Treaties Concluded in 1957, Treaties Entered Into Force in 1958, Treaties Extended to the Åland Islands, Treaties of Austria, Treaties of Belgium, Treaties of Bulgaria, Treaties of Croatia, Treaties of Cyprus, Treaties of Denmark, Treaties of Estonia, Treaties of Finland, Treaties of Greece, Treaties of Hungary, Treaties of Ireland, Treaties of Italy, Treaties of Latvia, Treaties of Lithuania, Treaties of Luxembourg, Treaties of Malta, Treaties of Poland, Treaties of Portugal, Treaties of Romania, Treaties of Slovakia, Treaties of Slovenia, Treaties of Spain, Treaties of Sweden, Treaties of the Czech Republic, Treaties of the French Fourth Republic, Treaties of the Netherlands, Treaties of the United Kingdom, Treaties of West Germany
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Euratom Treaty

Euratom Treaty
Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community
Type Founding treaty
Signed 25 March 1957
Location Capitoline Hill, Rome, Italy
Effective 1 January 1958
Signatories (original signatories):
Belgium
France
Italy
Luxembourg
the Netherlands
West Germany
Parties 28[1] (all European Union member states)
Depositary Government of Italy
Language (original): Dutch, German, French and Italian.
Languages all 23[2] official Languages of the European Union
Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community at Wikisource

The Euratom Treaty, officially the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community established the European Atomic Energy Community. It was signed on the 25 March 1957 at the same time as the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community (EEC Treaty).

The Euratom treaty is less well-known due to the lower profile of the organisation it founded. While the EEC has evolved into what is now the European Union, Euratom has remained much the same as it was in 1957, albeit governed by the institutions of the European Union. It was established with its own independent institutions, but the 1967 Merger Treaty merged the institutions of Euratom and the ECSC with those of the EEC.

The Euratom treaty has seen very little amendment due to the later sensitivity surrounding nuclear power amongst European public opinion. Because of this some argue that it has become too out-dated, particularly in the areas of democratic oversight. It was not included as part of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, which sought to combine all previous treaties, over fears that including nuclear power in the treaty would turn more people against it.

It is therefore still in force today but as a separate legal treaty. It forms part of the active treaties of the European Union.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Detailpagina Verdragenbank, Verdrag tot oprichting van de Europese Gemeenschap voor Atoomenergie (EURATOM)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Netherlands) (in Dutch). Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Verdrag tot oprichting van de Europese Gemeenschap voor Atoomenergie (EURATOM) (consolidated version)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Netherlands) (in Dutch). Retrieved 21 August 2011. 

External links

  • 50 years of the Euratom Treaty: reflecting on the past, safeguarding the future.
  • Documents of Treaty of Rome's negotiations are at the Historical Archives of the EU in Florence


Signed
In force
Document
1948
1948
Brussels Treaty
1951
1952
Paris Treaty
1954
1955
Modified Brussels Treaty
1957
1958
Rome treaties
1965
1967
Merger Treaty
1975
N/A
European Council conclusion
1985
1985
Schengen Treaty
1986
1987
Single European Act
1992
1993
Maastricht Treaty
1997
1999
Amsterdam Treaty
2001
2003
Nice Treaty
2007
2009
Lisbon Treaty
 
                         
Three pillars of the European Union:  
European Communities:  
European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)   
European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty expired in 2002 European Union (EU)
    European Economic Community (EEC)
        Schengen Rules   European Community (EC)
    TREVI Justice and Home Affairs (JHA)  
  Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters (PJCC)
          European Political Cooperation (EPC) Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
Unconsolidated bodies Western European Union (WEU)    
Treaty terminated in 2011  
                       
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