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Direct election

Direct election is a term describing a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the person, persons, or political party that they desire to see elected. The method by which the winner or winners of a direct election are chosen depends upon the electoral system used. The most commonly used systems are the plurality system and the two round system for single winner elections, such as a presidential election, and party-list proportional representation for the election of a legislature.

Examples of directly elected bodies are the European Parliament (since 1979) and the United States House of Representatives (since 1788).[1]

By contrast, in an indirect election, the voters elect a body which in turn elects the officeholder in question. An example is the US Electoral College, whose delegates are elected by voters and in turn elect the next President.

In a double direct election, the elected representative serves on two councils, typically a lower tier municipality and an upper tier regional district or municipality.

See also

  • Direct election republican model (Australia)
  • A Handbook of Electoral System Design from International IDEA
  • Electoral Design Reference Materials from the ACE Project
  • ACE Electoral Knowledge Network Expert site providing encyclopedia on Electoral Systems and Management, country by country data, a library of electoral materials, latest election news, the opportunity to submit questions to a network of electoral experts, and a forum to discuss all of the above

References

  1. ^ US Constitution, Article 1, Section 2
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