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Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Нохч-ГІалгІайн ACCP
Чечено-Ингушская ACCP
Autonomous republic of the Soviet Union

1936–1944
1957–1991

 

Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
My Chechen-Ingushetia
Чечено-Ингушетия Моя
Location of Chechen-Ingush ASSR
Map of the Soviet Caucasus
including the Chechen–Ingush ASSR.
Capital Grozny
Historical era 20th century
 •  Ingush and Chechen
   Autonomous Oblasts
   unified
January 15 1934
 •  Sovereignty declared November 1990
 •  Independence declared May 1991
Today part of Russia

The Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, or Chechen-Ingush ASSR (Chechen: Нохч-ГІалгІайн Автономнин Советски Социалистически Республика; Russian: Чече́но-Ингу́шская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика) was an autonomous republic within the Russian SFSR. Its capital was Grozny.

As of 1979 census, its territory was 19,300 km² and population of 611,405 being Chechens, 134,744 Ingushes, the rest being Russians and other ethnic groups.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Russian Empire 1.1
    • Soviet period 1.2
    • World War II 1.3

History

Russian Empire

In 1810, the historical Ingushetia voluntarily joined Imperial Russia, and in 1859 the historical Chechnya was annexed to Russia as well, during the long Caucasian war of 1817–64.

Soviet period

After the Russian Revolution of 1917, on January 20, 1921, Chechnya and Ingushetia joined the Mountain soviet republic. Partition of the Mountain ASSR began shortly after it was formed, and its Chechen District was separated on November 30, 1922 as Chechen Autonomous Oblast. On July 7, 1924, the remains of the Mountain ASSR were split into North Ossetian Autonomous Oblast and Ingush Autonomous Oblast. On January 15, 1934, Chechen and Ingush Autonomous Oblasts were joined into Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Oblast, which was elevated in status to that of an ASSR (Chechen-Ingush ASSR) on December 5, 1936.

World War II

During Georgian SSR.

===Post-war
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