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Bibi Shahr Banu Shrine

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Bibi Shahr Banu Shrine

Bibi Shahr Banu Shrine
آرامگاه بی‌بی‌شهربانو
Basic information
Location Shahr-e Ray, Iran
Geographic coordinates
Affiliation Islam
Architectural description

Bibi Shahr Banu Shrine (Persian: آرامگاه بی‌بی‌شهربانو‎) is a shrine located near Shahr-e Ray, a southern suburb of Tehran, Iran.

The shrine is located outside the present town on the slope of a small mountain range extending eastwards, known by the name of Mount Tabarak or Kuh-e Ray or also Kuh-e Bibi Sharbanu.

The oldest parts of the shrine date from the 15th century, shortly before the Safavid period. Researchers have discussed, if the name of the shrine and the location could point to an earlier pre-Islamic holy site, possible a santcuary of the goddess Anahita.[1]


According to local popular legend a daughter of the last Sassanian king Yazdgerd III became a wife to Ali ibn Husayn, the 3rd Shia Imam. She was present at the Battle of Karbala and could escape after Ashura. Pursued by her enemies she reached up to Ray in Iran. On the slope of the mountain her enemies threatened to get hold of her. With the last of her strength she asked God to deliver her and the mountain miraculously opened and gave refuge to the princess. However, a tail of her dress remained wedged in the rock when it closed behind her. When her pursuers and other people found the cloth in the rock, they realised the miracle and acknowledged Sharbanu as a saint.

Very similar stories, however, are also told about other locations.

See also


  1. ^ For this and other details rf the entry ŠAHRBĀNU in Enyclopedia Islamica
  • Art. ŠAHRBĀNU in Enyclopedi Iranica

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