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Assembly of the Republic (Portugal)

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Assembly of the Republic (Portugal)

Assembly of the Republic
Assembleia da República
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Structure
Seats 230
Current Structure of the Assembly of the Republic

Government (107)

Opposition (123)

  •      PS (86)
  •      BE (19)
  •      PCP (15)
  •      PEV (2)
  •      PAN (1)
Elections
Party-list proportional representation
D'Hondt method
Closed list
4 October 2015
October 2019 or earlier
Meeting place
São Bento Palace, Lisbon, Portugal
Website
Assembleia da República

The Assembly of the Republic (Portuguese: Assembleia da República, pronounced: ) is the Portuguese parliament.

According to the Portuguese Constitution, the unicameral Assembly "is the representative assembly of all Portuguese citizens." The constitution names the assembly as one of the country's organs of supreme authority.

It is located in a historical building in Lisbon, referred to as Palácio de São Bento (Saint Benedict Palace), the site of an old Benedictine monastery. The Palácio de São Bento has been the seat of the Portuguese parliaments since 1834 (Cortes until 1910, Congress from 1911 to 1926 and National Assembly from 1933 to 1974).

Powers and duties of the Assembly

The Assembly of the Republic's powers derives from its power to dismiss a government through a vote of no confidence, to change the country's laws, and to amend the constitution (this one requires a majority of two-thirds). In addition to these key powers, the constitution grants to the Assembly extensive legislative powers and substantial control over the budget, the right to authorize the government to raise taxes and grant loans, the power to ratify treaties and other kinds of international agreements, and the duty to approve or reject decisions by the President of the Republic to declare war and make peace. The assembly also appoints many members of important state institutions, such as ten of the thirteen members of the Constitutional Court and seven of the sixteen members of the Council of State.

The constitution requires the assembly to quickly review and approve an incoming government's program. Parliamentary rules allow the assembly to call for committees of inquiry to examine the government's actions. Political opposition represented in the assembly has the power to review the cabinet's actions, even though it is unlikely that the actions can be reversed. Party groups can also call for interpellations that require debates about specific government policies.

Structure

The assembly consisted at first of 250 members, but the constitutional reforms of 1989 reduced its number to between 180 and 230. Members are elected by popular vote for legislative terms of four years from the country's twenty-two constituencies (eighteen in mainland Portugal corresponding to each district, one for each autonomous regions, Azores (Portuguese: Açores) and Madeira, one for Portuguese living in Europe and a last one for those living in the rest of the world. Except for the constituencies for Portuguese living abroad, which are fixed at two members each, the number of voters registered in a constituency determines the number of its members in the assembly, using the D'Hondt method of proportional representation. Constituencies vary greatly in size; from as large as the district of Lisbon, which returns 48 representatives, to as small as the district of Portalegre, which elects just two.

According to the constitution, members of the assembly represent the entire country, not the constituency from which they are elected. This directive has been reinforced in practice by the strong role of political parties in regard to members of the assembly. Party leadership, for example, determines in which areas candidates are to run for office, thus often weakening members' ties to their constituencies. Moreover, members of the assembly are expected to vote with their party and to work within parliamentary groups based on party membership. Party discipline is strong, and insubordinate members can be coerced through a variety of means. A further obstacle to members' independence is that their bills first have to be submitted to the parliamentary groups, and it is these groups' leaders who set the assembly's agenda.

The President of the Assembly of the Republic is the second hierarchical figure in the Portuguese state, after the President of the Portuguese Republic, and is usually nominated by the party that holds the majority of the seats. The President of the Assembly is aided by four vice-presidents, nominated by the other parties represented in the parliament, and is usually the speaker. When he is not present, one of the vice-presidents takes the role of speaker. When the President of the Republic is, for any reason, unable to perform to job, the President of the Assembly of the Republic becomes his substitute.

Latest election

 Summary of the 4 October 2015 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Votes % ±pp swing MPs MPs %/
votes %
2011 2015 ± % ±
Portugal Ahead (PSD / CDS–PP) 1,993,921 36.86 {{Navbox with collapsible sections name = Religion topics state = autocollapse bodyclass = hlist title = Religion selected = sect1 = Major groups abbr1 = major child group1 = Abrahamic list1 = group2 = Indo-European child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; group1 = Indo-Iranian list1 = group2 = European list2 = group1 = Abrahamic child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; | group1 = Judaism list1 = group2 = Christianity list2 = group1 = Abrahamic list1 = group2 = Indo-European child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; group1 = Indo-Iranian list1 = group2 = European list2 = group1 = Abrahamic child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; | group1 = Judaism list1 = group2 = Christianity list2 = group1 = Abrahamic list1 = group2 = Indo-European child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; group1 = Indo-Iranian list1 = group2 = European list2 = group1 = Abrahamic child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; | group1 = Judaism list1 = group2 = Christianity list2 =
1,747,685 32.31 Increase4.3 74 86 Increase12 37.39 Increase5.2 1.16
550,892 10.19 Increase5.0 8 19 Increase11 8.26 Increase4.8 0.81
445,980 8.25 Increase0.4 16 17 Increase1 7.39 Increase0.4 0.90
81,054 1.50 7 5 {{Navbox with collapsible sections name = Religion topics state = autocollapse bodyclass = hlist title = Religion selected = sect1 = Major groups abbr1 = major child group1 = Abrahamic list1 = group2 = Indo-European child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; group1 = Indo-Iranian list1 = group2 = European list2 = group1 = Abrahamic child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; | group1 = Judaism list1 = group2 = Christianity list2 = group1 = Abrahamic list1 = group2 = Indo-European child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; group1 = Indo-Iranian list1 = group2 = European list2 = group1 = Abrahamic child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; | group1 = Judaism list1 = group2 = Christianity list2 =
75,140 1.39 Increase0.4 0 1 Increase1 0.43 Increase0.4 0.31
61,632 1.14 0 0.00 0.0
59,955 1.11 Increase0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
39,340 0.73 0 0.00 0.0
27,269 0.50 Increase0.2 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
22,596 0.42 Increase0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
21,439 0.40 0 0.00 0.0
Labour / Socialist Alternative (ACT!) 20,749 0.38 0 0.00 0.0
14,897 0.28 Increase0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
14,285 0.26 0 0.00 0.0
13,979 0.26 0 0.00 0.0
7,536 0.14 1 0 {{Navbox with collapsible sections name = Religion topics state = autocollapse bodyclass = hlist title = Religion selected = sect1 = Major groups abbr1 = major child group1 = Abrahamic list1 = group2 = Indo-European child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; group1 = Indo-Iranian list1 = group2 = European list2 = group1 = Abrahamic child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; | group1 = Judaism list1 = group2 = Christianity list2 = group1 = Abrahamic list1 = group2 = Indo-European child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; group1 = Indo-Iranian list1 = group2 = European list2 = group1 = Abrahamic child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; | group1 = Judaism list1 = group2 = Christianity list2 =
People's / People's Monarchist 3,654 0.07 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
2,659 0.05 {{Navbox with collapsible sections name = Religion topics state = autocollapse bodyclass = hlist title = Religion selected = sect1 = Major groups abbr1 = major child group1 = Abrahamic list1 = group2 = Indo-European child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; group1 = Indo-Iranian list1 = group2 = European list2 = group1 = Abrahamic child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; | group1 = Judaism list1 = group2 = Christianity list2 =
1,748 0.03 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Total valid 5,206,410 96.25 Increase0.4 230 230 Steady0 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots 112,851 2.09 {{Navbox with collapsible sections name = Religion topics state = autocollapse bodyclass = hlist title = Religion selected = sect1 = Major groups abbr1 = major child group1 = Abrahamic list1 = group2 = Indo-European child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; group1 = Indo-Iranian list1 = group2 = European list2 = group1 = Abrahamic child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; | group1 = Judaism list1 = group2 = Christianity list2 =
Invalid ballots 89,544 1.66 Increase0.3
Total (turnout 55.86%) 5,408,805 100.00 {{Navbox with collapsible sections name = Religion topics state = autocollapse bodyclass = hlist title = Religion selected = sect1 = Major groups abbr1 = major child group1 = Abrahamic list1 = group2 = Indo-European child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; group1 = Indo-Iranian list1 = group2 = European list2 = group1 = Abrahamic child |groupstyle=font-weight:normal; | group1 = Judaism list1 = group2 = Christianity list2 =
Source: Legislativas 2015


Distribution by constituency

São Bento Palace, home of the Portuguese Parliament
 Results of the 2015 election of the Portuguese Assembly of the Republic
by constituency
Constituency % S % S % S % S % S % S Total
S
PàF PS BE CDU PSD PAN
Azores - - 40.3 3 7.8 - 2.5 - 36.1 2 0.9 - 5
Aveiro 48.1 10 27.9 5 9.6 1 4.4 - - - 1.0 - 16
Beja 20.1 1 37.3 1 8.2 - 25.0 1 - - 0.8 - 3
Braga 45.6 10 30.9 7 8.8 1 5.2 1 - - 0.8 - 19
Bragança 49.4 2 34.1 1 5.5 - 3.1 - - - 0.6 - 3
Castelo Branco 35.3 2 38.9 2 10.0 - 6.0 - - - 0.8 - 4
Coimbra 37.2 4 35.3 4 9.9 1 7.0 - - - 1.0 - 9
EvoraÉvora 23.9 1 37.5 1 8.6 - 21.9 1 - - 0.9 - 3
Faro 31.5 3 32.8 4 14.1 1 8.7 1 - - 2.0 - 9
Guarda 45.6 2 33.8 2 7.4 - 4.0 - - - 0.9 - 4
Leiria 48.4 6 24.8 3 9.7 1 5.1 - - - 1.2 - 10
Lisbon 34.7 18 33.5 18 10.9 5 9.8 5 - - 2.0 1 47
Madeira - - 20.9 2 10.7 1 3.6 - 37.8 3 1.8 - 6
Portalegre 27.6 1 42.4 1 9.2 - 12.2 - - - 0.8 - 2
Porto 39.6 17 32.7 14 11.1 5 6.8 3 - - 1.6 - 39
Santarém 35.8 4 32.9 3 10.8 1 9.6 1 - - 1.2 - 9
Setúbal 22.6 5 34.3 7 13.1 2 18.8 4 - - 1.9 - 18
Viana do Castelo 45.5 4 29.8 2 8.0 - 5.2 - - - 0.9 - 6
Vila Real 51.0 3 33.1 2 5.2 - 3.0 - - - 0.6 - 5
Viseu 51.1 6 29.7 3 6.7 - 3.5 - - - 0.7 - 9
zEurope 39.1 1 29.9 1 5.8 - 5.9 - - - 0.9 - 2
zRest of the World 48.5 2 10.8 - 1.6 - 1.5 - - - 1.8 - 2
Total 36.9 102 32.3 86 10.2 19 8.3 17 1.5 5 1.4 1 230
Source: Legislativas 2015

Presidents of the Assembly of the Republic

Members

See also

Notes

External links

  • Official website


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