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2018 Asian Games

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2018 Asian Games

XVIII Asian Games
Official emblem of 2018 Asian Games
Host city Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia[1]
Opening ceremony 18 August 2018 (2018-08-18)[2]
Closing ceremony 2 September 2018 (2018-09-02)
Main venue Gelora Bung Karno Stadium[3]
2014 2022  >

The 2018 Asian Games will be the 18th edition of a regional multi-sport event in Asia which is planned to be hosted by Indonesia from August 18 – September 2, 2018. 38 sports and disciplines will be featured in the Games,[4] For the first time, two cities will host the Games, in Jakarta, the national capital city, and Palembang, the capital city of South Sumatra province.[5] Later, two provinces that surround Jakarta which are Banten and West Java also plan to support the Games with their existing sporting venues.[6] Indonesia was approved as the host of the Games by Olympic Council of Asia executive board on September 19, 2014.[7] They will host the Games in 2018 rather than the originally planned 2019 to avoid the presidential election.[8]

Originally Hanoi, Vietnam was chosen as the host.[9] However, they withdrew due to the financial constraints.[10]

Bidding and development

2012

Originally, Hanoi was chosen after OCA shortlisted also Surabaya and Dubai as the candidates to run for the host. They was announced on 8 November 2012, in Macau, beating Surabaya by 29 votes 'for' versus 14 'against'.[11] After the loss, Indonesian delegation members claimed that Hanoi's win was influenced by China's huge interest in the country. Dubai pulled out at the last minute, instead announcing their intention to focus on future bids.[12] The committee's first vice-president, however, denied any pullout and claimed the UAE's National Olympic Committee "did not apply for hosting 2019 Asian Games" and "only considered" doing so.[13]

After winning the rights, the organizing committee of Hanoi estimated they can host the Games at a cost of approximately US$150 million,[9] with several facilities being built or upgraded. The athletes' village is planned to be built in Thượng Thanh in Long Bien District, with a capacity of 11,000, while some new facilities will also be built in Xuân Trạch.[14]

Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, New Delhi and Taipei either had expressed the interest or submitted the bids,[15][16][17] but withdrew for some reasons, mainly due to the financial constraints and corruption allegations.[18][19][20][21][22]

Concerns and withdrawal

Previous Host City Spent
Year City Billion
of Dollar[23]
2002 Busan 2.9
2006 Doha 2.8
2010 Guangzhou 20
2014 Incheon 1.6

In March 2014, lawmakers first raised concerns on whether US$150 million is a realistic budget for the Games, by referring to the amount spent by the previous host city, and claimed that the government may eventually spend over US$300 million. In addition, several stadiums built in conjunction with 2003 Southeast Asian Games were not utilised after the regional events.[24] Former chairman of Vietnam Olympic Committee Ha Quang Du also added that hosting the Asian Games would not boost tourism in Vietnam.[25]

However, on 11 April 2014, Vuong Bich Thang, head of the General Department of Sports and Physical Training, assured that 80% of the facilities are available and US$150 million is enough to host the Games. He added that no new athletes' village would be built, but instead hotels, dormitories, and residential quarters would be provided for participating athletes and officials.[23] The World Bank confirmed that there would be no loans for Vietnam for the purpose of building Asiad facilities.[26]

On 17 April 2014, Vietnam Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung officially announced Hanoi's withdrawal from hosting the games. He cited unpreparedness and economic recession as the main reasons of the withdrawal, as they have left the country unable to afford the construction of facilities and venues.[10] Statistics imply that the majority of Vietnamese are happy with this decision.[27]

The OCA has announced that is no penalty will be imposed for the withdrawal.[28]

Potential cities takeover

After the withdrawal, the OCA has said that Indonesia, China and the United Arab Emirates are candidates for the replacement of Hanoi.[29]

Indonesia was considered as a favourite, after Surabaya was lost its bids back in 2012,[30] and willing to do so if selected.[31] Philippines also interested by submitted its bids on 30 August 2014 after their visit at the 2014 Youth Olympic Games.[32]

India had expressed interest and awaiting government approval. New Delhi considered as potential host.[33] However, on 7 July 2014, India failed to submit late bid after failing to get an audience with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, having given an extended deadline by OCA.[34]

Meanwhile, Chinese Taipei's Kaohsiung claimed they would spend one month for evaluating the possibility of hosting the Games.[35] Another city, New Taipei City is bidding for the 2023 Games.[36] Malaysia only considering if OCA contributes funding as the cost of hosting the games at short notice are considered too high.[37] Tunku Muda Serting Imran has suggested that Malaysia could bid jointly with Singapore in order to manage the rising costs.[38] However, Youth and Sports Minister denied any plan to host and stated that their top priority is for the 2017 Southeast Asian Games.[39]

Several countries had ruled out the possibility to host the Games. Myanmar downplayed the chance due to lack of expertise and manpower in organisation.[40] Thailand stating that five years time is not enough to prepare adequately.[41] Japan and Singapore had not interested due to other commitment. Japan is due to host the 2019 Rugby World Cup and 2020 Summer Olympics,[42] while Singapore focusing on 2015 Southeast Asian Games.[43] China has no plan to take over.[44]

Announcement

On 25 July 2014, during the meeting in Kuwait City, the OCA has appointed Jakarta as host of the Games. Jakarta will be supported by Palembang as the supporting host. The Indonesian capital city was chosen because it has well-equipped sport facilities as well as adequate transportation networks, and other facilities such hotels and lodgings for guests. The Games however, was said to be rescheduled a year earlier, shifted from originally planned 2019 to 2018, citing that in 2019 Indonesians will be preoccupied by their Presidential election, and Jakarta would only need a relatively minimal times to upgrade and renovate their existing sports facilities. The last time Indonesia and Jakarta host the games was in 1962.[45] On the closing ceremony of 2014 Asian Games in Incheon, Indonesia appointed symbolically by OCA to host the next Games.

Organisation

Marketing

The official logo was launched on September 9, 2015 during the country's National Sports Day. The logo depicts the image of a cenderawasih, a rare species of a bird in Indonesia, means carries high hopes for the country’s sports at the quadrennial event.[46]

Venues

For the games, some venues will be built, renovated, and prepared across four provinces in Indonesia, which are 2011 Southeast Asian Games.[49] South Sumatra's provincial government claim that they are ready to held at least 18 sport disciplines with their existing Jakabaring Sport City complex. They will renovate some of facilities in the complex, including the capacity upgrade of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium from 40,000 to 60,000 seats and lengthen the Jakabaring Lake to 2,300 meters.[50]

Transport

As part of the Games preparation, the constructions of Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit will be accelerated.[51] Palembang will also upgrade their transportation facilities by building 25 kilometres long of monorail from Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport to Jakabaring Sport City.[52] Some other transportation facilities such as underpasses, flyovers, and bridges will be also built in the city.[53]

Costs

The government has allocated a budget of IDR 3 trillion to prepare for the Games, with regional administrations also expected to supply the funding.[49]

Games

Ceremonies

The OCA decided that Jakarta will host both of the opening and closing ceremonies,[54] despite earlier sports minister said Palembang will host the closing ceremony.[55]

Sports

The 2018 Asian Games will feature 29 Olympic sports and 8 non-Olympic sports.[56] For the first time, Pencak Silat and bridge will feature in the Games.[48][57]

See also

References

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External links

  • OCA website
Preceded by
Incheon
Asian Games
JakartaPalembang

XVIII Asiad (2018)
Succeeded by
Hangzhou
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