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Treaty of Novgorod (1326)

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Title: Treaty of Novgorod (1326)  
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Subject: June 3, 1326, 1320s
Collection: 1326 in Law, 1326 in Norway, 1326 Treaties, 14Th-Century Treaties, Peace Treaties of Russia, Treaties of Norway, Treaties of the Novgorod Republic
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Treaty of Novgorod (1326)

Dutch map of Finnmark (1660), showing the northern regions of Norway, Sweden and Russia.

Treaty of Novgorod, signed on June 3, 1326 in Treaty of Nöteborg.

The treaty did not delineate the border but rather stipulated which part of the Sami people would pay tribute to Norway and which to Novgorod, creating a kind of buffer zone in between the countries. The treaty remained in effect until the 19th century and was never abrogated by any of the powers. It eventually led into a situation where Sami people were freely exploited, some of them forced to pay taxes to all surrounding powers at the same time, including to the Birkarls from Swedish Finland.[1]

References

  1. ^ For Latin and Russian texts of the treaty, see S. N. Valk, ed., Gramoty Velikogo Novgoroda i Pskova (Moscow and Leningrad: AN SSSR, 1949), pp. 69-79.
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