World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Treaty of Constantinople (1590)

Article Id: WHEBN0024548783
Reproduction Date:

Title: Treaty of Constantinople (1590)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Treaty of Constantinople
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Treaty of Constantinople (1590)

The Treaty of Constantinople, also known as Treaty of Ferhad Pasha[1] (Turkish: Ferhat Paşa Antlaşması), was a treaty between Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia ending the Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590) and was signed on 21 May 1590.


The war began in Southern Caucasus. At the Battle of Çıldır, the Ottoman army defeated the Persian army and invaded most of South Caucasus . After Ottoman army returned to its main base in Constantinople, however, Persians began to regain some of their former territories. During the next phase, another Ottoman army (mostly composed of Crimean Tatars) arrived and Ottomans were able to attack once more. In 1583 after the battle named Battle of Torches (Ottoman Turkish: مشللر محاربسی), so called because the battle continued during night, Ottomans were able to reconquer the southern Caucasus. During the next 6 years, the only significant event was the conquest of Tabriz by the Ottomans. Confronted by other problems (i.e. civil wars and the war against Uzbeks), Abbas I, the shah of Persia, agreed to sign a treaty with unfavorable terms.[2]


The treaty is known as the Treaty of Constantinople or the treaty of Ferhad Pasha (Ferhad Pasha was the commander (Turkish: serdar) of the Ottoman Army). According to the treaty, the Ottoman Empire kept its gains in the war. These included most of the southern Caucasus, as well as Tabriz and northwest Iran.[3] Persians also agreed to pay obeisance to religious leaders of the Sunni faith.


This treaty was a success for the Ottoman Empire, as vast areas had been annexed. However, it was not long lasting. Abbas I, after solving problems at home, waited for a suitable moment to regain his former possessions. When the Ottoman Empire was engaged in Jelali revolts, he was able to regain most of his loses, which the Ottoman Empire had to accept in the Treaty of Nasuh Pasha, 22 years after this treaty.

See also


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.