World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of Presidents of Iran

Article Id: WHEBN0001155426
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of Presidents of Iran  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran, Mohammad Khatami, Politics of Iran
Collection: Government of Iran, Lists of Political Office-Holders in Iran, Lists of Presidents, Presidents of Iran
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of Presidents of Iran

Hassan Rouhani, the current President of Iran.

This is a list of the Presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran since the establishment of that office in 1980. The President of Iran is the highest popularly elected official in the country. The current President is Hassan Rouhani, since 4 August 2013.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • List of Presidents 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Background

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iran

After the Iranian Revolution of 1979 and referendum to create the Islamic Republic on March 29 and 30, the new government needed to craft a new constitution. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, ordered an election for the Assembly of Experts, the body tasked with writing the constitution.[1] The assembly presented the constitution on October 24, 1979, and Supreme Leader Ruhollah Khomeini and Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan approved it. This was also approved in December 1979 constitutional referendum.

The 1979 Constitution designated the Supreme Leader as the head of state and the President and Prime Minister as the heads of government. The post of Prime Minister was abolished in 1989.

The first Iranian presidential election was held on January 25, 1980 and resulted in the election of Abulhassan Banisadr with 76% of the votes. Banisadr was impeached on June 22, 1981 by Parliament. Until the early election on July 24, 1981, the duties of the President were undertaken by the Provisional Presidential Council. Mohammad-Ali Rajai was elected President on July 24, 1981 and took office on August 2. Rajai remained in office for less than one month, with both he and his prime minister being assassinated on August 30, 1981. Once again, a Provisional Presidential Council filled the office until October 13, 1981 when Ali Khamenei was elected president.

Ali Khamenei, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Mohammad Khatami and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad were each elected president for two terms. Hassan Rouhani is the current president, being elected in June 2013 presidential election.

List of Presidents

      Independent       Conservative       Reformist       Moderate

# Name Picture Born-Died Took Office Left Office Political Party Prime Minister Vice President Term
1 Abolhassan Banisadr 1933– 4 February 1980 22 June 1981
(impeached)
Independent Mohammad-Ali Rajai Position not established 1
Provisional Presidential Council
(Leader: Mohammad Beheshti,
then later Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili)
22 June 1981 2 August 1981
2 Mohammad-Ali Rajai 1933–1981 2 August 1981 30 August 1981
(assassinated)
Islamic Republican Party Mohammad-Javad Bahonar 2
Provisional Presidential Council
(Leader: Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani)
30 August 1981 13 October 1981 Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
3 Ali Khamenei 1939– 13 October 1981 16 August 1985 Islamic Republican Party

Combatant Clergy Association
Mir-Hossein Mousavi 3
16 August 1985 3 August 1989 4
4 Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani 1934– 3 August 1989 3 August 1993 Combatant Clergy Association

Executives of Construction Party
Position abolished Hassan Habibi 5
3 August 1993 2 August 1997 6
5 Mohammad Khatami 1943– 2 August 1997 8 August 2001[2] Association of Combatant Clerics 7
8 August 2001[2] 3 August 2005 Mohammad-Reza Aref 8
6 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad 1956– 3 August 2005 5 August 2009 Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran Parviz Davoodi 9
5 August 2009 3 August 2013 Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei 10
Mohammad-Reza Rahimi
7 Hassan Rouhani 1948– 4 August 2013 Incumbent
(Term expires 3 August 2017)
Moderation and Development Party Eshaq Jahangiri 11

See also

References

  1. ^ "Assembly of Experts". Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  2. ^ a b (French) La documentation française: "[...] le nouveau Parlement retarde l'investiture du président Khatami qui prête serment le 8 août pour un second mandat de quatre ans."
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.