Expediency Council

Expediency Discernment Council
مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام
Type
Type Advice (opinion)
Leadership
Chairman Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Since February 6, 1989
Secretary-General Mohsen Rezaee
Since 22 October 1997
Seats 28
Meeting place
Tehran, Iran
Website
[1]
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The Expediency Discernment Council of the System[1] (Persian: مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام‎) is an administrative assembly appointed by the Supreme Leader[2] and was created upon the revision to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 6 February 1988.[3] It was originally set up to resolve differences or conflicts between the Majlis and the Council of Guardians, but "its true power lies more in its advisory role to the Supreme Leader." According to Hooman Majd, the Leader "delegated some of his own authority to the council — granting it supervisory powers over all branches of the government" — following President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's election in 2005.[4]

Members of the council are chosen by the Supreme Leader every five years.[5]

Members (current)

On 14 March 2012, a new council was appointed for a five-year period.

  1. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar, Ayatollah (Chairman of the Council) *
  2. Mohsen Rezaee, Ph.D.* (Secretary General)
  3. Rouhani, Hassan, Hojatoleslam, Ph.D. *
  4. Larijani, Ali, Ph.D. *
  5. Jannati, Ahmad, Ayatollah *
  6. Vaez Tabasi, Abbas, Ayatollah *
  7. Amini Najafabadi, Ebrahim, Ayatollah *
  8. Haddad-Adel, Gholam Ali, Ph.D. *
  9. Movahedi-Kermani, Ali, Ayatollah *
  10. Velayati, Ali Akbar, M.D. *
  11. Dorri Najafabadi, Ghorbanali, Ayatollah *
  12. Sane'i, Hassan, Hojatoleslam *
  13. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah *
  14. Bahonar, Mohammad Reza
  15. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammad Reza, Ayatollah *
  16. Mirsalim, Mostafa *
  17. Nabavi, Morteza *
  18. Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri, Hojatoleslam *
  19. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Major General *
  20. Aghazadeh, Gholam Reza *
  21. Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud, Ph.D.
  22. Jalili, Saeed, Ph.D.
  23. Agha-Mohammadi, Ali
  24. Forouzandeh, Mohammad
  25. Danesh-Jafari, Davoud
  26. Vahidi, Ahmad
  27. Hashemi Shahroudi, Mahmoud
  28. Mohseni Eje'ei, Gholamhossein
  29. Mohammadi Araghim, Mahmoud
  30. Mesbahi Moghaddam, Gholamreza
  31. Ansari, Majid
  32. Iravani, Mohammad Javad
  33. Davoudi, Parviz
  34. Saffar Harandi, Mohammad Hossein
  35. Aref, Mohammad Reza
  36. Mohammadi, Hossein
  37. Mozaffar, Hossein
  38. Mirsalim, Mostafa
  39. Vaeez Zadeh, Sadeq

Members (2007–2012)

The following is a list of its members of the years (2007-2012):[6]

  1. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar, Ayatollah (Chairman of the Council) *
  2. Mohsen Rezaee, Ph.D.* (Secretary General)
  3. Jannati, Ahmad, Ayatollah *
  4. Vaez Tabasi, Abbas, Ayatollah *
  5. Amini Najafabadi, Ebrahim, Ayatollah *
  6. Haddad-Adel, Gholam Ali, Ph.D. *
  7. Emami Kashani, Mohammad, Ayatollah *
  8. Movahedi-Kermani, Ali, Ayatollah *
  9. Habibi, Hassan Ebrahim, Ph.D. *
  10. Mousavi, Mir Hossein Ms.C.Template:Dn *
  11. Velayati, Ali Akbar, M.D. *
  12. Dorri Najafabadi, Ghorbanali, Ayatollah *
  13. Mohammadi Reyshahri, Mohammad, Hojatoleslam *
  14. Sane'i, Hassan, Hojatoleslam *
  15. Rouhani, Hassan, Hojatoleslam, Ph.D. *
  16. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah *
  17. Larijani, Ali, Ph.D. *
  18. Bahonar, Mohammad Reza
  19. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammad Reza, Ayatollah *
  20. Mirsalim, Mostafa *
  21. Nabavi, Morteza *
  22. Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri, Hojatoleslam *
  23. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Major General *
  24. Aghazadeh, Gholam Reza *
  25. Namdar Zanganeh, Bijan *
  26. Ali Agha-Mohammadi
  27. Mohammad Forouzandeh
  28. Davoud Danesh-Jafari

Members (2002–2007)

The following is a list of its members of the years 2002-2007.[7]

  1. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar, Ayatollah (Chairman) *
  2. Amini Najafabadi, Ibrahim, Ayatollah *
  3. Vaez Tabasi, Abbas, Hojatoleslam *
  4. Emami Kashani, Mohammad, Ayatollah *
  5. Mousavi, Mir Hussein *
  6. Velayati, Ali Akbar *
  7. Mohammadi Reyshahri, Mohammad, Hojatoleslam *
  8. Sane'i, Hassan, Hojatoleslam *
  9. Rouhani, Hassan, Hojatoleslam, Ph.D. *
  10. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah *
  11. Dorri Najafabadi, Qorbanali, Hojatoleslam *
  12. Larijani, Ali *
  13. Mirsalim, Mostafa *
  14. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammadreza, Ayatollah *
  15. Nabavi, Morteza *
  16. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Major General *
  17. Aqazadeh, Gholamreza *
  18. Namdar Zanganeh, Bijan *
  19. Rafsanjani, Mohammad Hashemi *
  20. Habibi, Hassan Ibrahim *
  21. Mohsen Rezaee * (Secretary General of the Council)
  22. Ahmad Jannati
  23. Ali Movahedi-Kermani
  24. Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
  25. Mohammad Reza Aref
  26. Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel
  27. Majid Ansari
  28. Mohammad Reza Bahonar
  29. Hossein Mozaffar
  30. Mohammad Javad Irvani
(*) - Re-appointed

Ex officio members:

  1. President
  2. Speaker of Majles
  3. Chief of the Judiciary
  4. The minister concerned depending on the subject under discussion
  5. The representative of Majlis commission concerning the subject discussed
  • If mediating between Majlis and Guardian Council, the council will also include the six clerics of the Guardian Council.

Members (1997–2002)

The following is a list of its members of the year 1997-2002.[8][9]

See also

  • Center for Strategic Research

References and notes

External links

  • Official Website
  • GlobalSecurity.org on the Expediency Discernment Council
  • GlobalSecurity.org's list of members of the Expediency Discernment Council (a little out of date)
  • Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty(RFE/RL) 13 September 2004, mentions Expediency Council
  • A Caliphate disguised as a republic
Videos
  • PressTV 2012)
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