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Eternal Peace Treaty of 1686

The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after the 1686 treaty

The Eternal Peace Treaty of 1686 (Polish: Pokój wieczysty or Pokój Grzymułtowskiego, Russian: Вечный мир, Lithuanian: Amžinoji taika) was a treaty between the Tsardom of Russia and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, signed by Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth envoys: voivod of Poznań Krzysztof Grzymułtowski and chancellor (kanclerz) of Lithuania Marcjan Ogiński and Russian knyaz Vasily Vasilyevich Galitzine on May 6, 1686 in Moscow. These parties were moved to cooperate after a major geopolitical intervention in Ukraine on the part of the Ottoman Empire.[1]

The treaty confirmed the earlier military campaign against the Crimean Khanate, which led to the Russo-Turkish War (1686–1700).

The treaty was a major success for Russian diplomacy. Strongly opposed in Poland, it was not ratified by the Sejm (parliament of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) until 1710.[2][3] The legal legitimacy of its ratification has been disputed.[4] According to Jacek Staszewski, the treaty was not confirmed by a resolution of the Sejm until the Convocation Sejm (1764).[5]

It marked a turning point in Russo-Polish relations and played a big part in the struggle of Eastern European peoples against the Turkish-Tatar aggression. Subsequently, it facilitated Russia's struggle with Sweden for access to the Baltic Sea.

The borders between Russia and the Commonwealth established by the treaty remained in effect until the late 18th century Partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Ariel Cohen (1998). Russian Imperialism: Development and Crisis.  
  2. ^ a b c d Jerzy Jan Lerski, Piotr Wróbel, Richard J. Kozicki (1996). Historical dictionary of Poland, 966-1945. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 183.  
  3. ^ Norman Davies (1982). God's Playground, a History of Poland: The origins to 1795. Columbia University Press. p. 406.  
  4. ^ Eugeniusz Romer, O wschodniej granicy Polski z przed 1772 r., w: Księga Pamiątkowa ku czci Oswalda Balzera, t. II, Lwów 1925, s. [355].
  5. ^ Jacek Staszewski, August II Mocny, Wrocław 1998, p. 100.

See also




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