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Elections in Iran

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Title: Elections in Iran  
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Subject: Politics of Iran, Supreme Leader of Iran, Islamic Consultative Assembly, Iranian constitutional referendum, 1963, Iranian constitutional referendum, 1989
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Elections in Iran

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iran

Iran elects on national level a head of state and head of government (the president), a legislature (the Majlis), and an "Assembly of Experts" (which elects the Supreme Leader). Also City and Village Council elections are held every four years throughout the country. The president is elected for a four-year term by the people. The Parliament or Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majlis-e Shura-ye Eslami) has 290 members, elected for a four-year term in multi- and single-seat constituencies. Elections for the Assembly of Experts are held every eight years. Mayors will be elected by popular vote for the first time in 2013. All candidates have to be approved by the Guardian Council. See Politics of Iran for more details.

Until January 2007, when it was raised to 18, the voting age was 15 years, the lowest globally at the time.[1]

The most recent presidential election and the most recent local elections were held on 14 June 2013, simultaneously for the first time.[2][3]

Contents

  • Upcoming elections 1
    • 2016 Assembly of Experts election 1.1
    • 2016 parliamentary election 1.2
  • Elections since 1979 2
    • Presidential elections 2.1
    • Majlis elections 2.2
  • Latest elections 3
    • 2013 presidential election 3.1
    • 2013 local elections 3.2
    • 2012 parliamentary election 3.3
    • 2006 Assembly of Experts election 3.4
  • See also 4
  • Notes and References 5
    • Notes 5.1
    • References 5.2
  • External links 6

Upcoming elections

2016 Assembly of Experts election

2016 parliamentary election

Elections since 1979

Presidential elections

Majlis elections

Elections of the Parliament
Date N. Eligible Voters N. Actual Voters Voter Turnout N. Precincts N. Seats N. C. Registered N. C. Qualified C. Qualified Ref.
14 March & 9 May 1980 20,758,391 10,875,969 52.14% 193 270 3,694 1,910 51.70% [4]
15 April & 17 May 1984 24,143,498 15,607,306 64.64% 193 270 1,592 1,231 77.32% [5]
8 April & 13 May 1988 27,986,736 16,714,281 59.72% 193 270 1,999 1,417 70.88% [6]
10 April & 8 May 1992 32,465,558 18,767,042 57.71% 196 270 3,233 2,741 84.78% [7]
8 March & 19 April 1996 34,716,000 24,682,386 71.10% 196 270 8,365 6,954 83.18% [8]
18 February & 5 May 2000 38,726,431 26,082,157 67.35% 207 290 6,853 5,742 83.37% [9]
20 February & 7 May 2004 46,351,032 23,734,677 51.21% 207 290 8,172 5,450 66.69% [10]
14 March & 25 April 2008 43,824,254 22,350,254 51%
Disputed[1]
207 290 7,597 4,476 58.92% [14][15][11][16]
2 March & 4 May 2012 48,288,799 26,472,760 64.2%
Disputed[2]
207 290 5,382 3,444 55% [19][20][17][18]
25 February 2016 N/A N/A N/A 207 310 N/A N/A N/A

Latest elections

2013 presidential election

The 2013 Iranian presidential election was held on 14 June 2013. Hassan Rouhani was elected to succeed outgoing President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

Candidate Votes %
Hassan Rouhani 18,613,329 50.88
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf 6,077,292 16.46
Saeed Jalili 4,168,946 11.31
Mohsen Rezaee 3,884,412 10.55
Ali Akbar Velayati 2,268,753 6.16
Mohammad Gharazi 446,015 1.22
Valid votes 35,458,747 96.58
Blank or invalid votes 1,245,409 3.42
Total votes cast 36,704,156 100
Registered voters/turnout 50,483,192 72.70
Sources: Ministry of Interior of Iran

2013 local elections

2012 parliamentary election

2006 Assembly of Experts election

See also

Notes and References

Notes

  1. ^ Despite an increase in Iranian population comparing to previous elections, number of eligible voters decreased. This was due to the fact that voting age was raised from 15 to 18.[11] Ministry of Interior declared that eligible voters are some 43 million people, while according to the official results of 2006 general census done by the ministry's subdivision, "Statistical Center of Iran" (Persian: مرکز آمار ایران‎‎), the population of people over 18 years old was millions more, particularly 47,579,013. This led to allegations of 'manipulation'.[12][13][14]
  2. ^ The official voter turnout was declared 64.2% by the Ministry of Interior. Considering the official statistics published by the ministry, observers and analysts say that the numbers are paradoxical and the turnout would be calculated 54.6% or 54.8%. They also dispute number of eligible voters.[17][18]

References

  1. ^ O'Toole, Pam (12 March 2008). "Iran's first-time voters split". BBC News. Retrieved 1 May 2010. 
  2. ^ 2013 Iranian general elections
  3. ^ Iran's local elections will be held with presidential
  4. ^ "1980 Parliamentary Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal (Princeton University), retrieved 10 August 2015 
  5. ^ "1984 Parliamentary Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal (Princeton University), retrieved 10 August 2015 
  6. ^ "1988 Parliamentary Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal (Princeton University), retrieved 10 August 2015 
  7. ^ "1992 Parliamentary Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal (Princeton University), retrieved 10 August 2015 
  8. ^ "1996 Parliamentary Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal (Princeton University), retrieved 10 August 2015 
  9. ^ "2000 Parliamentary Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal (Princeton University), retrieved 10 August 2015 
  10. ^ "2004 Parliamentary Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal (Princeton University), retrieved 10 August 2015 
  11. ^ a b Nasrin Vaziri (27 December 2011). "مشارکت مردم در هشت دوره انتخابات مجلس چگونه بود؟ + جدول و نمودار" (in فارسی). Khabar Online. Retrieved 10 August 2015. مجلس هشتم/۱۳۸۶: جمعیت رای دهندگان ۲۲ میلیون و ۳۵۰ هزار و ۲۵۴ نفر 
  12. ^ Mohammadi, Majid. Hokomat Motlagheh, Mashrotiyat va Jomhoriat (in Persian). Los Angeles, CA: Ketab Corporation. p. 227.  
  13. ^ "اختلاف ۶ میلیونی در تعداد واجدین شرایط رای‌دادن" (in فارسی). Deutsche Welle. 5 January 2008. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  14. ^ a b Ali Afshari (23 February 2012). "مهندسی انتخابات مجلس نهم: دستکاری در جمعیت رای‌دهندگان" (in فارسی). Radio Farda. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  15. ^ "2008 Parliamentary Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal (Princeton University), retrieved 10 August 2015 
  16. ^ "نگاهی به کارنامه ملت در انتخابات ۸ دوره مجلس" (in فارسی). IRNA. 1 March 2012. 80014868. Retrieved 10 August 2015. همچنین در انتخابات هشمین دوره مجلس شورای اسلامی جمعیت ایران ۷۱ میلیون و ۵۳۲ هزار نفر بود که از این تعداد ۴۳ میلیون و ۸۲۴ هزار و ۲۵۴ نفر واجد شرایط رای دادن بودند و در ۲۴ اسفندماه ۸۶ مشارکت ۵۵.۴۰ درصدی را به ثبت رساندند.  
  17. ^ a b Mahdi Mohseni (14 March 2012). "آمار متناقض نتایج انتخابات در رسانه‌های دولتی ایران" (in فارسی). Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 10 August 2015. آقای مزروعی در یادداشتی که در سایت نوروز منتشر شده به ادعای وزارت کشور جمهوری اسلامی ایران در مورد مشارکت ۲۶ میلیون و ۴۷۲ هزار و ۷۶۰ نفر در انتخابات مجلس نهم اشاره می‌کند. بر اساس این آمار و با توجه به ۴۸ میلیون و ۲۸۸هزار و ۷۹۹ واجد شرایط در انتخابات، میزان مشارکت در حدود ۵۴ و ۸ دهم درصد خواهد بود. 
  18. ^ a b Hossein Ghazian (30 April 2012). "میزان مشارکت در انتخابات مجلس نهم چقدر بود؟" (in فارسی). BBC. Retrieved 10 August 2015. وزیر کشور... را ۲۶ میلیون و ۴۷۲ هزار نفر و میزان مشارکت را حدود ۶۴.۲ درصد اعلام کرد. اما اگر بر مبنای ادعای وزارت کشور تعداد افراد واجد حق رای ۴۸ میلیون و ۲۸۸ هزار نفر بوده باشد (یعنی ۶ میلیون کمتر از مقدار واقعی) باز هم نمی‌شود گفت که بیش از ۵۵ درصد در انتخابات شرکت کرده اند... وزیر کشور چندی بعد رقم نهایی شرکت کنندگان را ۲۹ میلیون نفر اعلام کرد. حتی بر این مبنا نیز میزان مشارکت، با وجود تلاش برای کاستن از تعداد واجدان حق رای، از ۶۰ درصد بیشتر نمی‌شود و به ۶۴ درصد مورد ادعای وزیر کشور نمی‌رسد... با احتساب بالاترین روش تخمین، نه ۶۴ یا ۶۰ درصد که ۵۴.۶ درصد خواهد بود. 
  19. ^ "کدخدایی اعلام کرد: رد صلاحیت ۴۵ درصدی نامزد‌های انتخابات مجلس/ممکن است فردی نمازخوان باشد اما کلاهبرداری کند" (in فارسی). Khabar Online. 28 January 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2015. پنج هزار و ۳۸۲ نفر برای مجلس نهم ثبت نام کردند... در مجموع نیز ۵۵ درصد تأیید صلاحیت شدند 
  20. ^ "جدول آماری انتخابات مجلس نهم: تعداد واجدین شرایط + نزدیک به ۴ میلیون پسر و دختر رای اولی" (in فارسی). Khabar Online. 26 February 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2015. واجدین شرایط ۴۸,۲۸۸,۷۹۹ - نامزدها ۳,۴۴۴ 

External links

Election Data Archives
other
  • 2009 Iranian elections page on BBC Persian
  • BBC Persian on Iran presidential elections
  • Video Archive of Iranian Elections
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