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Baluchistan (Chief Commissioners Province)

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Baluchistan (Chief Commissioners Province)

This article is about the former Chief Commissioner's Province of Baluchistan. For other uses, see Balochistan (disambiguation).

Baluchistan (CCP)
Subdivision of Pakistan
15 August 1947–14 October 1955
Location of Baluchistan (CCP)
Map of Pakistan with Baluchistan (CCP) highlighted
Capital Quetta
History
 -  Established 15 August 1947
 -  Disestablished 14 October 1955
Area 140,010 km2 (54,058 sq mi)
Government of Balochistan
Former administrative units of Pakistan

The Chief Commissioner's Province of Baluchistan was a province of British India, and later Pakistan, located in the northern parts of the modern Balochistan province.

History

The province was originally formed over the period 1876–1891 by three treaties between Robert Sandeman and the Khan of Kalat. Sandeman became the Political Agent for the British-administered areas which were strategically located between British India and Afghanistan. A military base was established at Quetta which played a major part in the Second and Third Afghan Wars.

The province became part of Pakistan in 1947 and continued to be administered by a Chief Commissioner. It was dissolved in 1955 when most parts of the western wing of Pakistan became the new province of West Pakistan. When that province was dissolved in 1970, there was too much role of Khan Abdul Wali Khan in dissolving the province; his intention was to give political power to the Pashtoons of that areas also because there was a jarga and sardari system, the former Chief Commissioner's province was combined with the former Baluchistan States Union and the enclave of Gwadar to form a new larger Balochistan Province with a Governor, a Chief Minister and a Provincial Assembly.

Demographics

The population of the province was equally split between Pashtun tribes in the north and Baloch tribes in the south and west.

Government

The province was administered by a Chief Commissioner appointed by the Federal Government. Although there was no elected legislature the Chief Commissioner could consult the Shahi Jirga, an assembly of tribal leaders.

The province comprised three groups of areas – the settled districts, the political agencies and the tribal area. The settled areas were mainly the district around Quetta and Jaffarabad. The agencies were the Zhob agency to the north of Quetta and the Chagai agency to the west, which had a tenuous land link with the rest of the province. The tribal areas were the Bugti and Marri tribal agencies which would later become Provincially Administered Tribal Areas in the new Balochistan province.

Tenure Chief Commissioner of Baluchistan[1]
15 August 1947 – 3 October 1947 Sir Geoffrey Prior
3 October 1947 – 8 April 1948 Sir Ambrose Dundas Flux Dundas
9 April 1948 – 18 January 1949 Cecil Arthur Grant Savidge
19 January 1949 – 16 July 1949 Sahibzada Mohammad Kursheed
16 July 1949 – 18 November 1952 Mian Aminuddin
18 November 1952 – 13 February 1953 Unknown
13 February 1953 – 8 November 1954 Qurban Ali Khan
8 November 1954 – 19 July 1955 Sardar Bahadur Khan
19 July 1955 – 25 July 1955 R.A.F. Hyride
26 July 1955 – 14 October 1955 R.A.M. Shaker
14 October 1955 Province abolished

See also

References

External links

  • Government of Balochistan

Coordinates: 28°00′N 66°00′E / 28.000°N 66.000°E / 28.000; 66.000

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